163,469 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,770 images, 62,968 bibliographic items, 480,353 distributional records.

Furcilla A.Stokes, 1890

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Chlorophyceae
Order Chlamydomonadales
Family Chlamydomonadaceae

Holotype species: Furcilla lobosa A.Stokes

Original publication and holotype designation: Stokes, A.C. (1890). Notice of new fresh-water Infusoria. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 28: 74-80.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Pentecost, A. (2002). Order Volvocales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 303-327. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Description: Unicellular thalli essentially spherical but with a truncated, oval, or bilobed posterior. Two anterior isokont flagella. Papilla present, but often compressed. Stigma present or absent depending on the species. Chloroplast cup-shaped and frequently pale-green to nearly colorless. Pyrenoids absent in field material but present in cultured material. Two anterior, contractile vacuoles present. Starch grains present either scattered or associated with pyrenoid. Asexual reproduction by either direct division of cells or through the production of zoospores within a thin parental envelope, which some interpret as a cell wall. Aplanospores have been reported. Sexual reproduction is isogamous. Upon germination of the zygote, four motile cells are released into a vesicle derived from the zygote. Motile cells are released following rupture of the vesicle.

Information contributed by: M. Buchheim. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 6 Apr 2016 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Furcilla , a freshwater flagellate, has been collected from continental Europe, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Despite the presence of a chloroplast, Furcilla is generally regarded as a mixotrophic to heterotrophic (saprobic) organism. Although no ultrastructural, molecular or biochemical data are currently available, Belcher has conducted light and electron microscopical studies of one member of the genus (F. stigmatophora). Ettl transfers several species of Furcilla, including F. stigmatophora, to the genus Selenochloris

Numbers of names and species: There are 7 species names in the database at present, as well as 1 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 6 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 April 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44225

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Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2021.

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