163,373 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,949 bibliographic items, 480,226 distributional records.

Micromonas Manton & Parke, 1960

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Prasinophytina
Class Mamiellophyceae
Order Mamiellales
Family Mamiellaceae

Holotype species: Micromonas pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke

Original publication and holotype designation: Manton, I. & Parke, M. (1960). Further observations on a small green flagellate with special reference to possible relatives of Chromulina pusilla Butcher. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 39: 275-298, 59 figs.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Simon, N., Foulon, E., Grulois, D., Six, C., Desdevises, Y., Latimier, M., Le Gall, F., Tragin, M., Houdan, A., Derelle, E., Jouenne, F., Marie, D., Le Panse, S., Vaulot, D. & Marin, B. (2017). Revision of the genus Micromonas Manton et Parke (Chlorophyta, Mamiellophyceae), of the type species M. pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke and of the species M. commoda van Baren, Bachy and Worden and description of two new species based on the genetic and phenotypic characterization of cultured isolates. Protist 168(5): 612-635.

Nomenclatural notes
Micromonas Borrel, 1902, was stated by Borrel (1902: 64) to be a protozoan and thus is to be considered under the ICZN. - (30 Oct 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Motile cells ellipsoid to pyriform, slightly compressed, naked (cell wall absent, no organic body scales), 1-3 µm long, 0.7–1 µm broad; one flagellum attached laterally, less than 1 µm long, with a 1-7 µm-long hair point; tiphairs about 1 µm long at the extremity of the hair point; cells without body and flagellar scales, chloroplast single, appearing crescent-shaped in side view with a large pyrenoid filling the concavity; starch shell around the pyrenoid visible underelectron microscopy; stigma absent; one mitochondrion lying on inner face of the chloroplast; no contractile vacuole; nucleus subspherical, situated near the flagellar base; fission in motile or palmelloid phase. First base pair of Helix 11 in the nuclea rencoded small subunit rRNA is C-G instead of U-A.

Information contributed by: Slightly modified from emended description by Simon, Foulon & Marin in Simon <i>et al.</i> (2017).. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 30 Oct 2017 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: One of the smallest known flagellates broadly distributed in estuaries, coastal habitats and open oceans from the poles to the equator.. M. pusilla is distributed in all seas and often occurs in very large numbers. In the Caribbean, Throndsen (1976) found M. pusilla in high numbers not only near the surface but also in ca 100,000 cells per litre at 100 m depth. Under the light microscope it is easily mistaken for a rapidly swimming bacterium. Based on pigment analysis, Micromonas shows affinities with the Mamiellales group of the Prasinophyceae, from which it differs in the lack of scales. It is probably derived from a scale-bearing type like Mantoniella, in which the scales were lost and the flagellum reduced to its present condition, which represents a unique type.

Numbers of names and species: There are 5 species names in the database at present, of which 4 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Borrel, A. (1902). Microbes des eaux et culture d'un protozoaire minimal. Comptes Rendus Hebdomindaires des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de biologie 54: 61-63, 10 digs.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 17 August 2004 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 October 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44567

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2021.

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