Ceratocorys F.Stein, 1883
Holotype species: Ceratocorys horrida Stein
Original publication and holotype designation: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
Description: Unicellular, medium-sized (50-110 µm) biflagellated heterodynamic cells with a cell wall of cellulosic plates. Plate formula interpreted differently by various authors as discussed by Carbonell-Moore 1996, following this author : Po, 3', 1a, 5", 6c, 5s, 6"', 1p, 1"". Cell shape round in apical or antapical view but most species are angular in ventral, dorsal, or lateral view. The epitheca is much smaller in most species. Epitheca and hypotheca are separated by the circular or only slightly displaced and deeply impressed cingulum with characteristic large cingular lists. The sulcus is restricted to the hypocone but does not reach the antapex in most species. It may have sulcal lists. Many species with few to several spectacular spines which may be ornamented . Chloroplasts present, but Hallegraeff and Jeffrey (1984) report on non-photosynthetic forms in offshore waters of Australia. At least some populations are bioluminescent. Vegetative reproduction by binary fission in phase during early morning. Habitat : Marine plankton, in warm-temperate to tropical waters of all oceans including the Mediterranean Sea. Emend H. Gu & Mertens (Luo et al., 2019).
Information contributed by: M. Elbrächter. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2021-03-05 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 129-212.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44623
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 05 March 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 May 2023