Preperidinium Mangin, 1913
Lectotype species: Preperidinium paulseni (Mangin) Mangin
Currently accepted name for the type species: Preperidinium meunieri (Pavillard) Elbrächter
Original publication and holotype designation: Mangin, L. (1913). Sur la flore planctonique de la rade de Saint-Vaast-La-Hougue 1908-1912. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Série 5 5: 147-241, 1 pl.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Elbrächter, M. (1993). Kolkwitziella Lindemann 1919 and Preperidinium Mangin 1913: correct genera names in the Diplopsalis-group (Dinophyceae). Nova Hedwigia 56(1-2): 173-178, no figs.
Description: Medium-sized (50-90 µm) thecate dinoflagellate of subspherical-to-lenticular shape, characterized by a short apical horn and a large left sulcal list. Cingulum circular, dividing the cell into 2 parts of equal size. Sulcus characterized by a large flagellar pore. Plate formula: Po, X, 3', 1a, 6", 4c, 6(?)s, 5"', 1"". First apical plate 4-sided. Thecal plates smooth, sometimes with broad intercalary bands. Cytoplasm clear, most specimens reddish colored, no chloroplasts. Nucleus spherical-to-ovoid. Nutrition by pallium-feeding on diatoms and other phytoplankton species. Cysts (50-60 µm) dark brown in color, circular to sub-circular in outline with pronounced polar compression and slight dorsiventral compression. Inner body thick-walled (1-2 µm, microgranulate. Marine plankton, worldwide in coastal waters.
Information contributed by: M. Elbrächter. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 20 Feb 2020 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 8 species names in the database at present, of which 4 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 20 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44682
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 October 2020.