Karlodinium J.Larsen, 2000
Holotype species: Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen
Currently accepted name for the type species: Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen
Original publication and holotype designation: Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.
Description: Unarmoured dinoflagellates with chloroplasts containing internal, lenticular pyrenoids and fucoxanthin or fucoxanthin derivatives as main accessory pigments. Amphiesma with arrays of pluglike structures in a hexagonal configuration. Apical groove straight; ventral pore present. Emended by Bergholtz et al. (2006: 192). Emended by Luo et al.(2018: 411).The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2019-08-26 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Benico, G., Takahashi, K., Lum, W.M. & Iwataki, M. (2019). Morphological variation, ultrastructure, pigment composition and phylogeny of the star-shaped dinoflagellate Asterodinium gracile (Kareniaceae, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 58(4): 405-418.
Comments: According to Bergholtz et al. (2006: 189), it is not possible to distinguish between the two taxa K. veneficum and K. micrum morphologically, and considering the very small difference in partial LSU, they conclude that the two species are conspecific. This finding leads to a name change for the type species of Karlodinium to K. veneficum, and reduces the name K. micrum to a synonym.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=45697
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 26 August 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2023