Plectodinium Biecheler, 1934
Holotype species: Plectodinium nucleovolvatum Biecheler
Original publication and holotype designation: Biecheler, B. (1934). Sur une Dinoflagellé a capsule périnucleaire, Plectodinium, n. gen. nucleovolvatum, n. sp. et sur les relations des Péridiniens avec les Radiolaires. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. 198(4): 404-406.
Description: Medium-sized ( m) free-living unicellular dinoflagellate with well-developed cingulum and sulcus. The large dinokaryon is enclosed in a perinuclear capsule. In addition, the cytoplasm contains 2 "internal spines" forming a V-like structure. The organization of this organism has been reinterpreted by Taylor (1980), transferring it to the genus Cochlodinium. The type species requires reinvestigation from material of the type locality. Marine planktonic, Mediterranean Sea.
Information contributed by: M. Elbrächter. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2020-10-09 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Kawai, H. & Nakayama, T. (2015). Introduction (Heterokontobionta p.p.), Cryptophyta, Dinophyta, Haptophyta, Heterokontophyta (except Coscinodiscophyceae, Mediophyceae, Fragilariophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Eustigmatophyceae), Chlorarachniophyta, Euglenophyta. In: Syllabus of plant families. Adolf Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien. Ed. 13. Phototrophic eukaryotic Algae. Glaucocystophyta, Cryptophyta, Dinophyta/Dinozoa, Haptophyta, Heterokontophyta/Ochrophyta, Chlorarachnniophyta/Cercozoa, Chlorophyta, Streptophyta p.p. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. 11-64, 103-139. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=47313
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 09 October 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2022