Briggera R.& P.A.Sims, 1985
Holotype species: Briggera ornithocephala (Greville) R.Ross & P.A.Sims
Original publication and holotype designation: Ross, R. & Sims, P.A. (1985). Some genera of the Biddulphiaceae (diatoms) with interlocking linking spines. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 13: 277-381.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M. & Mann, D.G. (1990). The diatoms biology and morphology of the genera. pp. [i-ix], 1-747. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
This is a genus of fossil species, or a genus with a fossil type species, or a genus the type species of which was originally described as a fossil.
Description: Cells 'hemiauloid' thus forming colonies linked by apical elevations. The genus is fossil and has been separated from Hemiaulus by Ross & Sims (1985). Found in marine sediments of upper Cretaceous to Lower Miocene age. Valves elliptical, undulate with the two apical swellings extended into massive elevations ending in swollen apices. Valve surface areolate with simple but deep pores penetrating the silica; often with scattered spines. The central region of the valve face is separated from the ends by clear transverse bands of silica. The valve mantle is plain or slightly areolate and raised into a rim at the valve face/mantle junction. The elevations have a porous area forming a pseudocellus on each apical swelling, facing outwards. The inward face of the swelling is produced into a series of ridges or spines (5 or fewer) which interlock with those on the adjacent valve. Internally the only conspicuous features are the two ridges of plain silica traversing the valves. Rimoportulae absent or 1-5 scattered near the centre of the valve; each has a short external tube and an internal slit (rimoportulae were not present on the material we use for illustration). We have not seen the cingulum but it is reported to consist of 3-4 (or more) open copulae (Ross & Sims, 1985).The most recent alteration to this page was made on 7 Dec 2015 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Ross, Sims & Hasle (1977) considered the genus Hemiaulus in detail and at that time species such as capitatus, includens and haitensis were included and figured; these should now be placed in Briggera. Ross & Sims (1985) have dealt with the new genus in a most comprehensive manner, together with Strelnikovia, Keratophora, Thaumatonema and Dicladiopsis. Hemiaulus differs from Briggera principally in having much more slender elevations, which have apical spines that do not interlock and much smaller or almost non0existent ocelli. In addition, the valve of Hemiaulus does not have such clear transverse plain areas on the valve face and the areolae are more closely spaced.
Numbers of names and species: There are 14 species names in the database at present, of which 14 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 16 September 2003 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 07 December 2015 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=46628
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 May 2021.