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Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing 1849

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Cladophoraceae
Genus Chaetomorpha


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Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Cape Peron, Western Australia; scale 1mm. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Point Loma, Cabrillo National Monument, Calfornia. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
middle intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
middle intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing
Spain, Galicia, Ría de Ares, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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17 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Conferva nuda Harvey

Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing Northern California
© Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org)

Publication details
Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing 1849: 379

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 23-24 July 1849

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chaetomorpha is Chaetomorpha melagonium (F.Weber & D.Mohr) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Conferva aerea Dillwyn

Type information
Type locality: Cromer, Norfolk, England (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 55). Type: D. Turner; BM-K (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 55). Notes: Syntypes: various in England and Wales (Silva et al. 1996). According to Womersley (1984: 174) the type is from Cromer, England; in BM (ex K). Collector: D. Turner; W.W. Young (INA).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva crassa C.Agardh 1824
Conferva urbica Zanardini 1840
Conferva princeps Kützing 1843
Conferva brachyarthra Kützing 1843
Conferva vasta Kützing 1843
Conferva variabilis Kützing 1843
Chaetomorpha crassa (C.Agardh) Kützing 1845
Chaetomorpha princeps (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Chaetomorpha variabilis (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Chaetomorpha brachyarthra (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Conferva chlorotica Montagne 1846
Conferva monilina Zanardini 1847
Chaetomorpha urbica (Zanardini) Kützing 1847
Chaetomorpha herbacea Kützing 1847
Chaetomorpha chlorotica (Montagne) Kützing 1849
Chaetomorpha vasta Kützing 1849
Chaetomorpha vasta var. inflata Kützing 1849
Chaetomorpha dubyana Kützing 1853
Chaetomorpha monilina (Zanardini) Zanardini 1858
Chaetomorpha aerea f. versata Heydrich 1894
Chaetomorpha crassa f. genuina Schiffner 1938
Chaetomorpha paucitatis Gilbert 1965

Taxonomic notes
Included in Chaetomorpha linum by Burrows (1991), but not accepted by Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 759). John et al. (2003) cite this as a synonym of Chaetomorpha linum (O.F. Müller) Kützing but note that the relationship between these species is uncertain (see John et al. (2003: 27). Stegenga & Mol (1983: 55) cite this species as Chaetomorpha aerea (Goodenough ex. Dillwyn) Kützing. John et al. (2004) note that Lawson & John (1987) follow Christensen (1957) in considering C. aerea and C. linum to be growth forms of the same taxon, with the latter name having priority. Cormaci, Furnari & Alongi (2014: 313) regard C. aerea and C. linum, following Burrows (1991: 139) and Leliaert & Boedeker (2007: 137-141).

According to Mystikou et al. (2016: 116), C. aerea has been treated as a synonym of Chaetomorpha linum by several authors (Burrows. 1991; John et al., 2003), but their actual relationship remains uncertain. They note that the genus requires taxonomic re-investigation and they tentatively attribute their specimen to C. aerea intil molecular investigations clarify its identity. - (18 Oct 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters. Luxuriant growths occurred in floating masses, frequently associated with Sargassum rafts; grew less luxuriantly as an epiphyte; on Cystoseira myrica and on Chondria; epilithic (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (17 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Common names

(as Chaetomorpha crassa (C.Agardh) Kützing)
?: Kauat-kauat, Ririppus (Madlener 1977).

Chinese: Tai tyau (Madlener 1977).

English: Hair-shaped green algae, Big green algae (Madlener 1977).

(as Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing)
Japanese: Tarugata-juzumo (Tokida 1954).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Almeida, W.R. de, Alves, A.M., Guimarães, S.M.P. de B. & Moura, C.W. do N. (2012). Cladophorales and Siphonocladales (Chlorophyta) from Bimbarras Island, Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia Stae, Brazil. Iheringia Série Botanica 67(2): 149-164.

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Coto, A.C.S.P. & Pupo, D. (2009). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 3. Ulvophyceae. pp. [i]-x, [1]-76, 94 figs. São Carlos: RiMa Editora.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

John, D.M. (2002). Order Cladophorales (=Siphonocladales). In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 468-470. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Mystikou, A., Aseni, A.O., DeClerck, O., Müller, D.G., Peters, A.F., Tsiamis, K., Fletcher, K.I., Westermeier, R., Brickle, P., van West, P. & Küpper, F.C. (2016). New records and observations of macroalgae and associated pathogens from the Falkland Islands, Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Botanica Marina 59(2-3): 105-121.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Sfriso, A., Wolf, M.A., Moro, I., Sfriso, A.A., Buosi, A. & Verlaque, M. (2018). Rediscovery of a forgotten Mediterranean Chaetomorpha species in the Venice Lagoon (North Adriatic Sea): Chaetomorpha stricta Schiffner (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 39(3): 293-312.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Wynne, M.J. (1986). Report on a collection of benthic marine algae from the Namibian coast (southwestern Africa). Nova Hedwigia 43: 311-355, 24 pls.

Created: 30 June 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14693 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Klotchkova, T.A., Chah, O.-K., West, J.A. & Kim, G.H. (2003). Cytochemical and ultrastructural studies on protoplast formation from disintegrated cells of the marine alga Chaetomorpha aerea (Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 38: 205-216.
Patel, R.J. (1971). Cytotaxonomical studies of British marine species of Chaetomorpha - I Chaetomorpha linum Kütz., and Chaetomorpha aerea Kütz.. Phykos 10: 127-136.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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