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Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Laminariaceae
Genus Saccharina

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
subtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
subtidal, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; surface of the frond showing bullations
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders 2006: 509

Published in: Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Saccharina is Saccharina plana Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Ulva latissima Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Europe (Silva 1996-to date).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), widest, very wide.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva latissima Linnaeus 1753
Ulva lactuca var. latissima (Linnaeus) A.P.De Candolle 1805
Phycoseris latissima (Linnaeus) Fraudenfeld 1854

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus saccharinus Linnaeus 1753
Ulva latissima Gunnerus 1766
Ulva maxima Gunnerus 1772
Ulva longissima Gunnerus 1772
Ulva fusca Hudson 1778
Fucus phyllitis Stackhouse 1796
Ceramium phyllitis (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus saccharinus var. bullatus Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Ceramium saccharinum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1797
Ulva phyllitis (Stackhouse) A.P.de Candolle 1805
Saccharina plana Stackhouse 1809
Saccharina bullata (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1809
Fucus saccharinus var. latissimus Turner 1811
Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Laminaria phyllitis (Stackhouse) C.Agardh 1817
Laminaria saccharina var. latissima C.Agardh 1817
Laminaria saccharina var. bullata C.Agardh 1817
Palmaria phyllitis (Stackhouse) Nees 1820
Laminaria membranacea S.F.Gray 1821
Laminaria caperata Bachelot de la Pylaie 1824
Fucus saccharinus var. angusto-bullatus Wahlenberg 1826
Laminaria stackhousei Bory 1826
Laminaria saccharina f. linearis J.Agardh 1848
Laminaria saccharina f. prima J.Agardh 1851
Laminaria saccharina var. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Le Jolis 1863
Laminaria saccharina f. membranacea J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria hieroglyphica J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. lanceolata J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. obovata J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. oblonga J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. eliptica J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria saccharina var. oblonga J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria agardhii Kjellman 1877
Laminaria maxima (Gunnerus) Kjellman 1877
Laminaria saccharina var. caperata (De la Pylaie) Farlow 1881
Laminaria saccharina f. latissima Kjellman 1883
Laminaria saccharina f. oblonga (J.Agardh) Kjellman 1883
Laminaria saccharina f. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Hauck 1884
Laminaria saccharina f. longissima (Gunnerus) Foslie 1884
Laminaria saccharina f. borealis Foslie 1884
Laminaria saccharina var. membranacea (J.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina var. sublaevis Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina var. grandis Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina f. latifolia (Kjellman) Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina f. typica Kjellman 1890
Saccharina phyllitis (Stackhouse) Kuntze 1891
Laminaria groenlandica Rosenvinge 1893
Laminaria longicruris var. faeroensis Børgesen 1896
Laminaria saccharina f. caperata (De la Pylaie) Setchell 1900
Laminaria faeroensis (Børgesen) Børgesen 1902
Laminaria faeroensis f. sacchariniformis Børgesen 1902
Laminaria phyllopus Kjellman 1906
Laminaria saccharina f. bullata (C.Agardh) Kylin 1907
Laminaria saccharina f. sublaevis (Kjellman) Kylin 1907
Saccharina groenlandica (Rosenvinge) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders 2006

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
Chinese: Hai Dai, Kouanpon, Hai-Houan, Yan Tsai, Chai Tai, Hai Tai, Kunpu (Madlener 1977).

English: Sea belt, Poor man's weather glass (Duddington 1966), Sweet Wrack, Sugar Wrack, Sugar Tang, Oarweed, Tangle, Kelp, Sugar Sea Belt, Sweet Tangle (Madlener 1977), Sugarwrack (Rhoads & Zunic 1978), Zuckertang (Braune 2008).

French: Laminaire sucrée (Boisvert 1984).

Gaeilge: Rufaí, Ribíní (Brennan 1950), Rufa, Láin (Anonymous 1978), Cupóg na gCloch, Lásaí Fruill, Réaban, Madraí, Madraí rua (Anon. 2000).

German: See-Palme (Braune 2008).

Japanese: Karafuto Kombu, Karafuto Tororo Kombu, Kan-Hoa (Madlener 1977).

Portuguese: Rabeiro (Oliveira, 1990).

(as Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders)
English: Sugar Kelp (Bunker et al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Longtin, C.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2015). On the utility of mucilage ducts as a taxonomic character in Laminaria and Saccharina (Phaeophyceae) - the conundrum of S. groenlandica. Phycologia 54(5): 440-450.

Lüning, K. & Mortensen, L. (2015). European aquaculture of sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) for food industries: iodine content and epiphytic animals as major problems. Botanica Marina 58(6): 449-455.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

McDevit, D.C. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). A DNA barcode examination of the Laminariaceae (Phaeophyceae) in Canada reveals novel biogeographical and evolutionary insights. Phycologia 49(3): 235-248.

Nielsen, M.M., Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Krause-Jensen, D., Bruhn, A. & Serrão, E.A. (2016). Genetic diversity of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) along a salinity gradient in the North Sea-Baltic transition zone. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 523-531.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Created: 01 June 2006 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 29588 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)



Andersen, G.S., Pedersen, M.F. & Nielsen, S.L. (2013). Temperature acclimation and heat tolerance of photosynthesis in Norwegian Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 49(4): 689-700.
Breton, T.S., Nettleton, J.C., O'Connell, B. & Bertocci, M. (2018). Fine-scale population genetic structure of sugar kelp, Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), in eastern Maine, USA. Phycology 57(1): 32-40.
Freitas, J.R.C., Salinas Morrondo, J.M. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2016). Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) farming in an industrial IMTA system in Galicia (Spain). J. Appl. Phycol. 28(1): 377-385.
Heinrich, S., Frickenhaus, S., Glochner, G. & Valentin, K. (2012). A comprehensive cDNA library of light- and temperature-stressed Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 47(2): 83-94.
Heinrich, S., Valentin, K., Frickenhaus, S. & Wiencke, C. (2015). Temperature and light interactively modulate gene expression in Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 51(1): 93-108.
Íñiguez, C., Carmona, R., Lorenzo, M.R., Niell, F.X., Wiencke, C. & Gordillo, F.J.L. (2016). Increased temperature, rather than elevated CO2, modulates the carbon assimilation of the Artic kelps Saccharina latissima and Laminaria solidungula. Marine Biology 163(12): 248-266.
Lubsch, A. & Timmermans, K.R. (2019). Uptake kinetics and storage capacity of dissolved inorganic phosphorus and corresponding dissolved inorganic nitrate uptake in Saccharina latissima and Laminaria digitata (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 55(3): 637-650.
Lüning, K. & Mortensen, L. (2015). European aquaculture of sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) for food industries: iodine content and epiphytic animals as major problems. Botanica Marina 58(6): 449-455.
McDowell, R.E., Amsler, M.O., Li, Q., Lancaster, J.R., Jr. & Amsler, C.D. (2015). The immediate wound-induced oxidative burst of Saccharina latissima depends on light via photosynthetic electron transport. Journal of Phycology 51(3): 431-441.
Neiva, J., Paulino, C., Nielsen, M., Krause-Jensen, D., Saunders, G., Assis, J., Bárbara, I., Tamigneaux, É., Gouveia, L., Aires, T., Marbá, N., Bruhn, A., Pearson, G. & Serrao, E. (2018). Glacial vicariance drives phylogeographic diversification in the amphi-boreal kelp Saccharina latissima. Scientific Reports 8: 1112; doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19620-7.
Nielsen, M.M., Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Krause-Jensen, D., Bruhn, A. & Serrão, E.A. (2016). Genetic diversity of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) along a salinity gradient in the North Sea-Baltic transition zone. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 523-531.
Olischläger, M., Íñiguez, C., Koch, K., Wiencke, C. & Gordillo, F.J.L. (2017). Increased pCO2 and temperature reveal ecotypic differences in growth and photosynthetic performance of temperate and Arctic populations of Saccharina latissima. Planta 245(1): 119-136.
Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Coehlo, N.C., Aires, T., Marbà, N., Krause-Jensen, D.& Serrão E.A. (2016). Characterization of 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers in the sugar kelp Saccharina latissima. J. Appl. Phycol. 28(5): 3071-3074.
Pérez Cordero, S., Ribamar Da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2012). Optimización del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en sistemas IMTA en la Ría de Ares y Betanzos (A Coruña). Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficol. 46: 19.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2011). Offshore cultivation methods affects blade features of the edible seaweed Saccharina latissima in a bay of Galicia, Northwest Spain. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 37: 319.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2012). Observations on fish grazing of the cultured kelps Undaria pinnatifida and Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in Spanish Atlantic waters. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, International Journal of the Bioflux Society 5: 189-196.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2013). Biomass yield and morphological features of the seaweed Saccharina latissima cultivated at two different sites in a coastal bay in the Atlantic coast of Spain. Journal of Applied Phycology 25: 205-213.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2013). Epiphytism on blades of the edible kelps Undaria pinnatifida and Saccharina latissima farmed under different abiotic conditions. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 44: 706-.
Peteiro, C. & Sánchez, N. (2012). Comparing salinity tolerance in early stages of the sporophytes of a non-indigenous kelp (Undaria pinnatifida) and a native kelp (Saccharina latissima). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 38: 197.
Peteiro, C., Sánchez, N. & Martínez, V. (2016). Mariculture of the Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida and the native kelp Saccharina latissima along the Atlantic coast of Southern Europe: An overview. Algal Research 16: 9-23, 7 figs.
Peteiro, C., Sánchez, N., Dueñas-Liaño, C. & Martínez, B. (2014). Open-sea cultivation by transplanting young fronds of the kelp Saccharina latissima. Journal of Applied Phycology 26: 519-.
Ribamar da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. (2015). Desarrollo y aplicaciones del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) en sistemas de acuicultura multitrófica integrada (AMTI). Doctoral Thesis.
Spurkland, T. & Iken, K. (2011). Salinity and irradiance effects on growth and maximum photosynthetic quantum yield in subarctic Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Laminaraceae). Botanica Marina 54(4): 355-365.
Strong, J.A. & Dring, M.J. (2011). Macroalgal competition and invasive success: testing competition in mixed canopies of Sargassum muticum and Saccharina latissima. Botanica Marina 54(3): 223-229.
Vilg, J.V., Nylund, G.M., Werner, T., Qvirist, L., Mayers, J.A., Pavia, H., Undeland, H. & Albers, E. (2015). Seasonal and spatial variation in biochemical composition of Saccharina latissima during a potential harvesting season for Western Sweden. Botanica Marina 58(6): 435-447.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2019.

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