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Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh 1822

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Halymeniales
Family Halymeniaceae
Genus Grateloupia


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh
1. Branching pattern. 2. Transverse section. 3. Transverse section: cortical layer. 4. Habitat, on cement blocks (Nhatrang City, Vietnam). Insert: habit.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh
Hawaii; scale 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh
Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA. Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler and M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon: A Floristic Inventory and Field Guide. OffShore Graphics, Inc., Washington, DC, 298 pp. 584 distributed by Harbor B. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).


Trachelomonas oblonga var. australica Playfair

Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Foto: Ángel Moreira.

Publication details
Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh 1822: 223

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1822). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum pars posterior. pp. [v-vi], 169-398. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: probably Oct 1822

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Grateloupia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Delesseria filicina J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Type locality: Trieste, Italy (De Clerck et al. 2005: 392). Notes: The type is that of the replaced name, Fucus filicinus Wulfen, nom. illeg., from the Adriatic.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), fern-like (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Delesseria filicina J.V.Lamouroux 1813

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus filicinus Wulfen 1791
Sporochnus pennatula Pöppig ex Sprengel 1827
Grateloupia pennatula (Poppig) Kützing 1847
Grateloupia filicina var. congesta P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1865
Grateloupia filicina var. bipinnata P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878
Grateloupia avalonae E.Y.Dawson 1949

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh)
English: Chop-chop (Abbott 1984).

Hawaiian: Limu hula hula waena (Chapman & Chapman 1980), Limu Huluhu-Iuwaena (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983), Pakeleaw'a, Ake limu (Abbott 1984).

Japanese: Mukade-nori (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Compressed, tufted, dark purplish brown fronds, to 120 mm high, main axis 1-4 mm broad. Once or twice pinnate, axes and branchlets tapered at base and apex.

On rock in pools. mid-intertidal to shallow subtidal, sporadic, often locally common; SW England and Wales, S and W Ireland north to Donegal.

Similar species
Plants referred to as Grateloupia filicina var. luxurians A. Gepp & E. S. Gepp are found on pebbles and shells in open muddy and sandy estuarine habitats in Hampshire and Dorset. This entity, which is very much larger than Grateloupia filicina var. filicina at up to 500 mm in length represents an immigrant of perhaps Australian origin, the first European record of which was from the Isle of Wight, in 1949.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Balakrishnan, M.S., Krishnamurthy, V.. & Desikachary, T.V. (1990). Florideophycidae Cryptonemiales, Hildenbrandiales. In: Rhodophyta. II. Taxonomy part. Part IIA. (Desikachary, T.V., Krishnamurthy, V. & Balakrishnan, M.S. Eds), pp. 213-279 . Madras, India: Madras Science Foundation.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. (1959). Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the Florideae. I. Botaniska Notiser 112(3): 339-352.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Gargiulo, G.M., Morabito, M. & Manghisi, A. (2013). A re-assessment of reproductive anatomy and postfertilization development in the systematics of Grateloupia Halymeniales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(1): 3-25.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

McDermid, K.J., Stuercke, B. & Haleakala, O.J. (2005). Total dietary fiber content in Hawaiian marine algae. Botanica Marina 48: 437-440.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Verlaque, M., Brannock, P.M., Komatsu, T., Villalard-Bohnsack, M. & Marston, M. (2005). The genus Grateloupia C. Agardh (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) in the Thau Lagoon (France, Mediterranean): a case study of marine plurispecific introductions. Phycologia 44: 477-496.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 13480 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Baweja,P. & Sahoo, D. (2002). Structure and reproduction of Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Indian coast. Algae 17(3): 161-170, 5 figs.
Cabioch, J., Castric-Fey, A., L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. & Rio, A. (1997). Grateloupia doryphora et Grateloupia filicina var. luxurians (Rhodophyta, Halymeniaceae) sur les côtes de Bretagne (France). Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 117-137.
Chen, Y.-C. & Chiang, Y.-M. (1994). Development of protoplasts from Grateloupia sparsa and G. filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 37: 361-366, 11 figs, 1 table.
Chen, Y.-C. (1999). The ultrastructure of Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) pit plugs. Botanica Marina 42: 531-538, 15 figs.
Chiang, Y.-M. (1993). The developmental sequence of the marine red alga Grateloupia filicina in culture. Korean Journal of Phycology 8(2): 231-237, 10 figs, 2 tables.
De Clerck, O., Gavio, B., Fredericq, S., Bárbara, I. & Coppejans, E. (2005). Systematics of Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), based on rbcl sequence analyses and morphological evidence, including the reinstatement of G. minima and the description of G. capensis sp. nov. Journal of Phycology 41: 391-410.
Farnham, W.H. & Jones, E.B.G. (1973). Présence a Roscoff du Chadefaudia gymnogongri (Ascomycète), parasite du Grateloupia filicina (Rhodophycée, Cryptonémiale). Travaux Station Biologique de Roscoff, Nouvelle Série 20(31): 8.
Kawaguchi, S., Wang, H.W., Horiguchi, T., Sartoni, G. & Masuda, M. (2001). A comparative study of the red alga Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae) from the northwestern Pacific and Mediterranean with the desciption of Grateloupia asiatica, sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 37: 433-442.
Kito, H. (1966). Cytological studies of several species of Porphyra I. Morphological and cytological observations on a species of Porphyra epiphytic on Grateloupia filicina var. porracea (Mert.) Howe. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 16: 206-208.
Maïz, N.B., Boudouresque, C.-F. & Gerbal, M. (1986). Algal flora of the Thau lagoon: Grateloupia doryphora (Montagne) Howe and G. filicina (Wulfen) C. Agardh. Thalassographica 9: 39-49.
Shirane, F., Nozaki, H. & Nakayama, M. (1990). A new diphenylmethane-type oligopyrogallol from the marine alga Grateloupia filicina J. Agardh. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 56: 833.
Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1987). Growth, reproduction and spore shedding in Grateloupia filicina (Wulfen) C. Agardh. Seaweed Research and Utilisation 10: 33-37, 3 figs, 1 table.
Wang, Q., An, L.-J., Yang, J., Su, Q., Wang, H.-W. & Kang, X.-H. (2000). RAPD analysis of Grateloupia filicina and Sinotubimorpha porracea. Oceanologia et limnologia Sinica 31(5): 506-510.
Zablackis, E. & Perez, J. (1990). A partially pyruvated carrageenan from Hawaiian Grateloupia filicina (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 33: 273-276.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 June 2021.

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