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Karlodinium antarcticum Salas 2008

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karlodinium


Publication details
Karlodinium antarcticum Salas in Salas & al. 2008: 245, figs 4, 11A

Published in: Salas, M.F. de, Laza-Martinez, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2008). Novel unarmored dinoflagellates from the toxigenic family Kareniaceae (Gymnodiniales): five new species of Karlodinium and one new Takayama from the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 241-257.
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Publication date: 2008

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karlodinium is Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Southern Ocean (50º33'S, 145º34'E) (Salas et al. 2008: 245). Holotype: Fig. 4 (epitype) March 2006; Water temperatureof 9ºC. (Salas et al. 2008: 245, 242, 246). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 4, of cells from clonal culture KDANSO10, deposited in the Univ. of Tasmania's Collection of Microalgae; also comprises the 28S rDNA sequence stored under GenBank accession number EF469234.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to the Antarctic (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
No habitat entry has yet been made for this entity.

Cells elongated and ovoid, 15-24 microns long and 10-14 microns wide. Epicone small and conical, with a small inconspicuous pore located high on the ventral side. Apical groove very long, extending through most of the ventral side and halfway down the dorsal side of the epicone. Hypocone conical or conoidal and larger than the epicone, not truncated by the sulcus. Cingulum shallow and wide, displaced 1/3-1/2 of the cell length. Sulcus shallow and not linear, with a tube-shaped structure, not extending past the anterior end of the cingulum. Several discrete chloroplasts arranged througout the cell, with internal pyrenoids. Nucleus with prominent margins, located near or directly against the cell antapex.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Created: 02 May 2008 by G.M. Guiry

Verified by: 23 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 308 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=133379

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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