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Karlodinium ballantinum Salas 2008

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karlodinium


Publication details
Karlodinium ballantinum Salas in Salas & al. 2008: 247, figs 5, 11C

Published in: Salas, M.F. de, Laza-Martinez, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2008). Novel unarmored dinoflagellates from the toxigenic family Kareniaceae (Gymnodiniales): five new species of Karlodinium and one new Takayama from the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 241-257.
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Publication date: 2008

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karlodinium is Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Mercury Passage, Tasmania, Australia (Salas et al. 2008: 247). Holotype: March 2006; (Salas et al. 2008: 247, 242). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 5, illustrating cells from the clonal culture KDBMP01, deposited in the Univ. of Tasmania's Collection of Microalgae; also comprises the 28S rDNA sequence stored under genBank accession number EF469232.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Distributional notes
Mercury Passage, Tasmania. Also known from Tyrrhenian coastal waters (R. Siano and A. Zingone, pers. comm. to de Salas et al.). - (2 May 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Cells small and ellipsoidal, 11-18 microns long and 8-14 microns wide. Epicone and hypocone both hemispherical. Hypocone not truncated by the sulcus. Ventral pore absent or inconspicuous. Apical groove very short and linear, extending less than halfway down the ventral epicone and very briefly down the dorsal side. Cingulum deeply excavated and displaced 1/3 of the cell length. Sulcus with an evident "S" bend and deeply excavated in the hypocone, extending briefly into the epicone. The left margin of the sulcus in the epicone overhangs it as a small fold. Chloroplasts long and narrow, several in number, irregularly distributed throughout the cell. Nucleus very large and located centrally toward the dorsal cell surface.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Escobar-Morales, S. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2015). Free-living marine planktonic unarmoured dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Pacific. Botanica Marina 58(1): 9-22.

Siano, R., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Montresor, M. & Zingone, A. (2009). Unarmoured and thin-walled dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Naples, with the description of Woloszynskia cincta sp. nov. (Dinophyceae, Suessiales). Phycologia 48: 44-65.

Created: 02 May 2008 by G.M. Guiry

Verified by: 23 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 260 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=133380

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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