Karlodinium conicum Salas
Karlodinium conicum Salas in Salas et al. 2008: 248, 249, figs 6, 11 G
Published in: Salas, M.F. de, Laza-Martinez, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2008). Novel unarmored dinoflagellates from the toxigenic family Kareniaceae (Gymnodiniales): five new species of Karlodinium and one new Takayama from the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 241-257.
Publication date: 2008
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karlodinium is Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen.
Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), cone-shaped.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Produces a karlotoxin-like molecule but this is poorly hemolytic (Mooney et al. 2009: 173). Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (22 Sep 2010) - Wendy Guiry
This is a marine species.
Cells pentagonal in outline, 19-29 microns long and 15-25 microns wide. Epicone conical and acute, with a large ventral pore approximately halfway between the anterior sulcal termination and the beginning of the apical groove. Apical groove relatively short, covering 1/3 of the ventral epicone and 1/4 of the dorsal side. Hypocone rectangular, obviously truncated by the sulcus. Cingulum displaced approximately1/4 of the cell length. Sulcus sinusoidal, with a tube-shaped structure, and extending into the epicone as a finger-like projection. Chloroplasts long and ribbon-like, arranged into bands on the cell periphery. Nucleus small and round, located at the antapex of the cell.
Type locality: Southern Ocean (44º40'S, 147º06'E), directly south of Tasmania, Australia (Salas et al. 2008: 249). Holotype: Fig. 6 (epitype) March 2006; Water temperature of 17ºC. (Salas et al. 2008: 248, 242). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 6, an illustration of cells from the clonal culture KDCSO15, deposited in the Univ. of Tasmania's Collection of Microalgae; also comprises the 28S rDNA sequence stored under GenBank accession number EF469231.
Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.
Created: 02 May 2008 by Wendy Guiry
Verified by: 23 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 261 times since it was created.
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=133381
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 February 2020.