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Karlodinium corrugatum Salas 2008

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karlodinium


Publication details
Karlodinium corrugatum Salas in Salas & al. 2008: 249, 250, figs 7, 11D

Published in: Salas, M.F. de, Laza-Martinez, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2008). Novel unarmored dinoflagellates from the toxigenic family Kareniaceae (Gymnodiniales): five new species of Karlodinium and one new Takayama from the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 241-257.
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Publication date: 2008

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karlodinium is Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Southern Ocean (53º22'S, 144º53'E) to the south of the polar front (Salas et al. 2008: 250). Holotype: Fig. 7 (epitype) March 2006; Water temperature of 6ºC. 250, 242 (Salas et al. 2008: 250). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 7, of clonal culture KDGSO08, deposited in the Univ. of Tasmania's Collection of Microalgae; also comprises the 28S rDNA sequence stored under GenBank accession number EF469233.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Distributional notes
Southern Ocean: 53º22'S,144º53'E (type locality) and 43º39'S, 148º35'E (an eddy of the East Australian Current). - (6 May 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Cells small, biconical to pentagonal in outline, 13-21 microns long and 11-17 microns wide. Epicone conical with parallel longitudinal furrows. Apical groove of medium length, originating above the anterior end of the sulcus and extending 1/4 of the way down the dorsal epicone. Ventral pore a thin, long slit located well to the left of the sulcal region. Hypocone conical or hemispherical, often truncated by the sulcus. Cingulum wide and deeply excavated, with prominent margins, displaced 1/4 of the cell length. Sulcus deeply excavated, especially in the hypocone, left margin often folding over as a flap, with a long, finger-like extension into the epicone. Chloroplasts few large, clustered in a group on the left side of the cell. Nucleus large and occupying most of the right side of the cell.

Wide temperature tolerance (6ºC, 17ºC).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Created: 06 May 2008 by G.M. Guiry

Verified by: 23 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 249 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=133396

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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