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Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Champiaceae
Genus Champia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya, sobre sustrato rocoso. Foto: Ángel Moreira.

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
1. Habit of cystocarpic plant. Insert: Filament. 2. In aquarium, plants collected in the upper subtidal zone (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
South of Spain; cystocarps. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
France, Brittany, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
South of Spain, 2011, microscope. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
Hawaii; segmented, irregularly divided branches; scale 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
Selce, northern Croatia. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey
Champia parvula female Curragh, Co. Waterford, Ireland. 27 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Schizymenia borealis I.A.Abbott

Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey Hawaii; segmented, irregularly divided branches; scale 1 mm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey 1853: 76

Published in: Harvey, W.H. (1853). Nereis boreali-americana; or, contributions towards a history of the marine algae of the atlantic and pacific coasts of North America. Part II. Rhodospermeae. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 5(5): [i-ii], [1]-258, pls XIII-XXXVI.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Champia is Champia lumbricalis (Linnaeus) Desvaux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chondria parvula C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: Ad Gades [Cadiz, Spain] (Agardh 1824: 207). Lectotype: Herb. Alg. Agardh, LD 26022 (Irvine & Guiry 1983: 78).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), very small (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chondria parvula C.Agardh 1824
Chylocladia parvula (C.Agardh) Hooker 1833
Lomentaria parvula (C.Agardh) Zanardini 1841

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva intricata Clemente 1807
Lomentaria parvula var. vaga Kützing 1865
Champia intricata Cremades 1990

Taxonomic notes
According to Lozada-Troche & Ballantine (2010: 139), morphological characters of C. parvula overlap sufficiently among eastern and western Atlantic specimens that they cannot be clearly distinguished. Therefore, they retained the name C. parvula in the western Atlantic, including Caribbean specimens but noted that such assignment was tentative until material from the type locality could be sequenced and compared with western Atlantic populations. Griffith et al. (2017: 83), later found that southern New England, USA, populations were genetically distinct from C. parvula and named their entity C. farlowii M.K. Griffith, C.W. Schneider et C.E. Lane. They did not find any genetic C. parvula in their limited samples from the south of New England and New York, and suggested that only greater sampling of Champia in the Americas would answer the question as to whether C. parvula was present in the western Atlantic. - (5 Oct 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
Widely reported from most temperate waters, but many records need verification (Womersley 1996: 129). Widespread in most warm seas (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (23 Mar 2009) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Epilithic or epiphytic on Amphibolis (Womersley 1996: 129). - (4 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Champia parvula (C.Agardh) Harvey)
English: Little Fat Sausage Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Soft, gelatinous, pinkish red, Much-branched fronds, densely matted, with blunt apices, to 100 mm high. Axes segmented, with nodal diaphragms, segments about as broad as long, filled with a watery mucilage.

Habitat
Epiphytic on smaller algae in lower intertidal pools and subtidal, south-west England and Ireland, Channel Islands, locally common.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Griffith, M.K., Schneider, C.W., Wolf, D.I., Saunders, G.W. & Lane, C.E. (2017). Genetic barcoding resolves the historically known red alga Champia parvula from southern New England, USA, as C. farlowii sp. nov. (Champiaceae, Rhodymeniales). Phytotaxa 302(1): 77-89, 10 figs.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Irvine, L.M. & Guiry, M.D. (1983). Rhodymeniales. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2A. Cryptonemiales (sensu stricto), Palmariales, Rhodymeniales. (Irvine, L.M. Eds), pp. 77-98. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Reedman, D.J. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1976). Southern Australian species of Champia and Chylocladia (Rhodymeniales: Rhodophyta). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 100: 75-104, 14 figs.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12551 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Apple, M.E. & Harlin, M.M. (1995). Inhibition of tetraspore adhesion in Champia parvula (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 34: 417-423, 4 figs, 1 table.
Apple, M.E., Harlin, M.M. & Norris, J.H. (1996). Characterization of Champia parvula (Rhodophya) tetraspore mucilage and rhizoids with histochemical stains and FITC-labelled lectins. Phycologia 35: 245-252, 10 figs, 2 tables.
Davis, B.M. (1892). Development of the frond of Champia parvula Harv. from the carpospore. Ann Bot 6: 339-354.
Davis, B.M. (1896). Contributions from the cryptogamic laboratory of Harvard University XXXIII. Development of the cystocarp of Champia parvula. Botanical Gazette 21: 109-117.
Griffith, M.K., Schneider, C.W., Wolf, D.I., Saunders, G.W. & Lane, C.E. (2017). Genetic barcoding resolves the historically known red alga Champia parvula from southern New England, USA, as C. farlowii sp. nov. (Champiaceae, Rhodymeniales). Phytotaxa 302(1): 77-89, 10 figs.
Kehoe, D.M. & van der Meer, J.P. (1990). Genetics of Champia parvula (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta): induction, characterization and mapping of mutants. Botanica Marina 33: 393-399.
Orfanidis, S. & Breeman, A.M. (1999). Geographic variation in thermal traits in Digenea simplex and Champia parvula (Rhodophyta) in relation to present and glacial temperature regimes. Journal of Phycology 35: 919-930, 9 figs, 4 tables.
Steele, R.L. & Thursby, G.B. (1981). Development of a bioassay using the life cycle of Champia parvula (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 20: 114.
Steele, R.L., Thursby, G.B. & van der Meer, J.P. (1986). Genetics of Champia parvula (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta): Mendelian inheritance of spontaneous mutants. Journal of Phycology 22: 538-542.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2019.

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