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Botryocladia bermudana C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane 2008

Publication details
Botryocladia bermudana C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane 2008: 615, figs 1-12

Published in: Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2008). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 9. The genus Botryocladia (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniaceae), including B. bermudana, B. exquisita and B. flookii spp. nov. Phycologia 47: 614-619.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Botryocladia is Botryocladia uvaria (J.A.Murray) Harvey.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Hunt Island, Port Royal Bay (Little Sound), Bermuda (Schneider & Lane 2008: 615). Holotype (cystocarpic): on shaded intertidal rocks (epitype) W.R. Taylor (WRT)/A.J. Bernatowicz (AJB) 49- 1724 (two cards, one split, all in a single packet); 11 May 1949; MICH (Schneider & Lane 2008: 615). Notes: Isotype: MICH.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Plants dark rosy-red, to 65 mm tall, attached by small discoid holdfasts, giving rise to stipes bearing one to many vesicles; vesicles when young small and spherical, becoming obpyriform or obovoid and elongating to 5–8 (to 11) mm diam. and 10–15 (to 20) mm long; stipes terete and branched, to 1 mm diam., solid; vesicle walls consisting of three (to four) layers, innermost cells of the medulla 90–120 µm thick, 60–150 µm long in section, polygonal in surface view with large and small cells intermingled; specialized and nonspecialized secretory cell bearing cells produced from the inner medulla bearing 1–10 (to 15) pyriform to clavate secretory cells, to 22 µm diam. and 26 µm long; vesicle cortex of 1–2 layers, complete; tetrasporangia in scattered discrete sori in the outer cortex, spherical to ellipsoidal, cruciately divided, 22–34 µm by 26– 48 µm; dioecious, spermatangia in spreading sori on outer cortical cells, 1 mm diam.; cystocarps forming in upper portions of vesicles, protruding both inwardly and outwardly from the vesicle wall, 750–1350 µm diam.; carposporangia rectangular to irregularly angular, 12–16 µm diam. and 19–24 µm long.

Key characteristics
Differing from other members of the ‘Botryocladia pyriformis-complex’ by a suite of characters including vesicle medulla and wall thickness, and number of secretory cells per supporting cell

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Santiago, J. de A.S., Carneiro, P.B. de M., Santiago, A.P., Feijó, R.G. & Maggioni, R. (2016). A new species of Rhodymeniaceae (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales) from the Northern Brazilian coast: Botryocladia franciscana sp. nov. Phytotaxa 242(2): 137-146, 3 figs, 2 tables.

Created: 24 December 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 June 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 327 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2008). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 9. The genus Botryocladia (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniaceae), including B. bermudana, B. exquisita and B. flookii spp. nov. Phycologia 47: 614-619.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=134100

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 June 2021.

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