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Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding 1928

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Champiaceae
Genus Chylocladia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 19 Jun 2020. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
tetrasporangia, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014,. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
cystocarps, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
cystocarps and tetrasporangia, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. . 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 17 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Chylocladia verticillata; Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland" 2#62. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Chylocladia verticillata; Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland 2#62. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry.

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry.

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Sargassum microcystum f. dilatatum Grunow

Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland.
© M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org)

Publication details
Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding 1928: 69

Published in: Bliding, C. (1928). Studien über die Florideenordnung Rhodymeniales. Lunds Universitets Årsskrift Ny Följd, Andra Afdelingen 24(3): 1-73.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Chylocladia is Chylocladia kaliformis (Goodenough & Woodward) Hooker.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus verticillatus Lightfoot

Type information
Type locality: Jura, Argyll, Scotland (Irvine & Guiry 1983: 81). Lectotype: BM-K (Irvine & Guiry 1983: 81).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), verticillate, whorled (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus verticillatus Lightfoot 1777
Kaliformia verticillata (Lightfoot) Stackhouse 1816

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus kaliformis Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Gigartina pygmaea J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Gastridium kaliforme (Goodenough & Woodward) Lyngbye 1819
Lomentaria pygmaea (J.V.Lamouroux) Gaillon 1828
Lomentaria kaliformis (Goodenough & Woodward) Gaillon 1828
Chylocladia kaliformis (Goodenough & Woodward) Hooker 1833
Lomentaria squarrosa Kützing 1843
Lomentaria patens Kützing 1843
Chylocladia kaliformis var. squarrosa (Kützing) Harvey 1851
Chylocladia kaliformis var. patens (Kützing) Harvey 1851
Chylocladia squarrosa (Kützing) Thuret 1855
Gastridium kaliforme var. squarrosum (Kützing) Bertoloni 1862
Gastroclonium kaliforme (Goodenough & Woodward) Ardissone 1876
Gastroclonium kaliforme f. squarrosum Ardissone & Straforello 1877
Gastroclonium kaliforme var. patens (Kützing) Ardissone 1883
Chylocladia pygmaea (Funk) Kylin 1931
Gastrophycus kaliformis (Goodenough & Woodward) Link 1933
Chylocladia verticillata-bistratosa Ercegovic 1956

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Chylocladia verticillata (Lightfoot) Bliding)
English: Juicy Whorl Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Description
Soft, gelatinous, cylindrical, pinkish to brown-red fronds (often bleached yellow or almost white in sunny habitats), to 300 mm high, filled with a watery mucilage. Main axis simple, jointed, with nodal diaphragms, very slightly constricted at nodes, 2-several branches per node, themselves often branched, with small beaded ultimate ramuli. Very variable in branching pattern, plants of exposed coasts often simple with small terminal tufts of ramuli.

Habitat
On rocks and stones and epiphytic, lower intertidal and subtidal, generally distributed, common.

Similar species
Gastroclonium reflexum (Chauvin) Kützing

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Irvine, L.M. & Guiry, M.D. (1983). Rhodymeniales. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2A. Cryptonemiales (sensu stricto), Palmariales, Rhodymeniales. (Irvine, L.M. Eds), pp. 77-98. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Withall, R.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2007 '2006'). Combining small and large subunit ribosomal DNA genes to resolve relationships among orders of the Rhodymeniophycidae (Rhodophyta): recognition of the Acrosymphytales ord. nov. and Sebdeniales ord. nov. European Journal of Phycology 41: 379-394.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6230 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Tsekos, I. & Bosabalidis, A.M. (1988). Proteinaceous inclusions in specialised thallus cells of Chylocladia verticillata (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 27: 20-24, 9 figs.
Åsen, P.A. (1979). Chylocladia verticillata - an annual red alga in Norway. Blyttia 37: 133-135.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=135

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 November 2020.

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