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Tolypella antarctica (A.Braun) R.Corillion

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Genus Tolypella

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Tolypella antarctica (A.Braun) R.Corillion
Known distribution of Tolypella nidifica (Europe) and Tolypella antarctica in Kerguelen. The distribution of T. nidifica is preliminary..

 

Cystophora platylobium (Mertens) J.Agardh

Tolypella antarctica (A.Braun) R.Corillion Known distribution of Tolypella nidifica (Europe) and Tolypella antarctica in Kerguelen. The distribution of T. nidifica is preliminary.
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Publication details
Tolypella antarctica (A.Braun) R.Corillion 1982: 55-59, pl. II

Published in: Corillion, R. (1982). Les characées des iles Kerguelen (Terres australes et Antarctiques Françaises). (Tolypella antarctica). Bull. Soc. Et. Sci. Anjou. N.S. 11: 47-64. [in French]

Publication date: 1982

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Tolypella is Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) Leonhardi.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Nitella antarctica A.Braun

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to the Antarctic (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Nitella antarctica A.Braun 1849
Tolypella nidifica f. antarctica (A.Braun) Nordstedt 1882

Distributional notes
The species is endemic to Kerguelen islands. Corillion (1982) gives 9 localities on the islands. - (7 Jun 2009) -

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Plants monoecious, 3-10 cm high, not incrusted, grows in small, dense bunches. Numerous bulbilliferous nodes at the base of the plant. Branchlets 1-5 in a whorl. Gametangia both conjoined and sejoined in the same plant. Oogonia 1-3 together, 480-560 um long. Oospores 270-415 um long and antheridia 420-525 um in diameter. The species is similar to Tolypella nidifica but differ by the number of branchlets in each whorl, the situation of the gametangia and the shorter oogonia and oospores.

Habitat
Tolypella antarctica is a freshwater species, while Tolypella nidifica is a brackishwater species. In most of the localities the species has been found in shallow water, to 40 cm depth. In one of the localities,Lac d'Armor in soth Kerguelen, the species is found down to 3 m, where it was growing in small tufts on sand bottom. In spite of unfavorable thermic conditions, the fructification was good.

Key characteristics

Similar species
Tolypella nidifica (Müller) Leonardi

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Key references
Braun, A. (1849). Charae australes antarcticae, or characters and observations on the Characeae of Australia and the southern circumpolar regions. Hooker's Journal of Botany & Kew Garden Miscellany 1: 193-203.

Corillion,R. & Reviers,B. de (1985). Nouvelles observations sur , characee endemique australe (Iles Kerguelen). Cryptogamie, Algologie 1985 (IV): 25-34. [in French]

Created: 07 June 2009 by Anders Langangen

Verified by: 01 January 2012 by Anders Langangen

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 851 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Corillion, R. (1982). Les characées des iles Kerguelen (Terres australes et Antarctiques Françaises). (Tolypella antarctica). Bull. Soc. Et. Sci. Anjou. N.S. 11: 47-64. [in French]
Corillion,R. & Reviers,B. de (1985). Nouvelles observations sur , characee endemique australe (Iles Kerguelen). Cryptogamie, Algologie 1985 (IV): 25-34. [in French]

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=135005

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Anders Langangen in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2019.

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