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Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Cladophoraceae
Genus Cladophora


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Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph. Collected by Gareth Farr, Black Mountains, South Wales. 15 Apr 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Collected by Gareth Farr, Black Mountains, South Wales. Highly branched form.. 15 Apr 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 17 Mar 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 17 Mar 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 17 Mar 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Single cell at high magnification. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.. 04 Oct 2010. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
With epiphytic diatoms. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.. 28 Oct 2010. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Cahaba River, Alabama, U.S.A.. 03 Jun 2006. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Seattle, Washington, USA; Green Lake, 200x, DIC. 09 Nov 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing
Seattle, Washington, USA; ship canal, 200x, DIC. 07 May 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

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11 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing Red-cyan anaglyph. Collected by Gareth Farr, Black Mountains, South Wales
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843: 266

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cladophora is Cladophora oligoclona (Kützing) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Conferva glomerata Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Europe (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 774).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), clustered in a round mass.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva glomerata Linnaeus 1753
Polysperma glomerata (Linnaeus) Vaucher 1803
Chantransia glomerata (Linnaeus) de Lamarck & De Candolle 1805
Annulina glomerata (Linnaeus) Link 1820

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cladophora canicularis Roth
Cladophora fasciculata f. declinata (Kützing) Hauck
Conferva cristata Roth 193
Conferva capillaris Linnaeus 1753
Conferva rigida Hudson 1762
Conferva longissima Desfontaines 1798
Conferva vaginata Ducluzeau 1805
Chantransia vaginata (Ducluzeau) Desvaux 1813
Chantransia flavicans Desvaux 1813
Conferva glomerata var. macrogonya Lyngbye 1819
Conferva glomerata var. longissima (Desfontaines) Agardh 1824
Conferva glomerata var. ochrochloa Agardh 1824
Conferva elongata C.Agardh 1824
Conferva glomerata var. detersa Agardh 1824
Conferva glomerata var. firmior Agardh 1824
Conferva glomerata var. simplicior Agardh 1824
Conferva strepens C.Agardh 1827
Conferva comosa Kützing 1836
Conferva erecta Suhr 1840
Conferva erecta var. subsimplex Suhr 1840
Conferva erecta var. tenerrima Suhr 1840
Cladophora macrogonya (Lyngbye) Kützing 1843
Cladophora elongata (Agardh) Kützing 1843
Cladophora strepens (Agardh) Kützing 1843
Cladophora comosa Kützing 1843
Cladophora flavescens var. clavigera Kützing 1843
Cladophora flavida var. clavigera (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Cladophora curvata Kützing 1845
Cladophora intricata Kützing 1845
Cladophora fasciculata Kützing 1845
Cladophora flavida Kützing 1845
Cladophora fluitans Kützing 1845
Conferva macrogonya (Lyngbye) Rabenhorst 1847
Conferva flavida (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1847
Cladophora glomerata var. intricata (Kützing) Kützing 1849
Cladophora crystallina var. flaccida Kützing 1849
Cladophora declinata Kützing 1849
Cladophora glomerata var. cartilaginea Kützing 1849
Cladophora glomerata var. mucosa Kützing 1849
Cladophora glomerata var. simplicior Kützing 1849
Cladophora glomerata var. tenuior Kützing 1849
Cladophora insignis var. fluviatilis Kützing 1849
Cladophora glomerata var. rivularis Rabenhorst 1851
Conferva heuflerii Zanardini 1852
Cladophora brachystelecha Rabenhorst 1857
Cladophora glomerata var. arbuscula Rabenhorst 1863
Cladophora fracta f. capillaris (Montagne) Rabenhorst 1864
Chaetomorpha capillaris (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray 1864
Cladophora fracta var. strepens (Agardh) Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora olympica Grunow ex Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora glomerata f. fluitans (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora declinata var. pumila (Bail ex Rabenhorst) Kirchner 1878
Cladophora crispata f. arenaria Kützing 1881
Cladophora declinata var. fluitans (Kützing) Hansgirg 1886
Cladophora cristata f. maura Lewin 1888
Cladophora fracta var. flavescens Batters 1902
Cladophora tildeniae Brand 1902
Cladophora fracta var. rivularis f. tolediana Budde 1929
Cladophora hunanensis C.C.Jao 1940
Cladophora declinata f. kwangsiensis C.C.Jao 1947

Taxonomic notes
"Species complex" according to Skaloud et al. (2018: 203), who included the following names in the "complex": "Conferva glomerata L. 1753, Conferva rivularis L. 1753, Conferva rigida Hudson 1762, Conferva fracta O. F. Müller ex Vahl 1787, Conferva globulina Kützing 1833, Cladophora crispata (Roth) Kützing 1843, Cladophora elongata (C. A. Agardh) Kützing 1843, Cladophora oligoclona (Kützing) Kützing 1843, Cladophora simpliuscula Kützing 1843, Cladophora brachyclados (Kützing) Kützing 1845, Cladophora intricata Kützing 1845, Cladophora insignis (C. A. Agardh) Kützing 1845, Cladophora fasciculata Kützing 1845, Cladophora fluitans Kützing 1845, Cladophora rigidula Kützing 1845, Cladophora sudetica Kützing 1845, Cladophora cristata (Roth) Kützing 1849. For a more detailed list of synonyms see van den Hoek (1963)..." - (18 Mar 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Common names

(as Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kützing)
Swedish: Grönslick (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Hajdu, L. (1974). Filamentous Algae in Városligeti-tó, Budapest. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 66: 55-58, 3 fig.

Hanyuda, T., Wakana, I., Arai, S., Miyaji, K., Watano, Y. & Ueda, K. (2002). Phylogenetic relationships within Cladophorales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from 18S rRNA gene sequences with special reference to Aegagropila linnaei. Journal of Phycology 38: 564-571.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Cladophorales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 557-564. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J. & Hwang, I.-K. (2010). Caldophorales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 55-154. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i]-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Prescott, G.W. (1962). Algae of the Western Great Lakes area. With an illustrated key to the genera of desmids and freshwater diatoms. Revised [Second] edition. pp. [i]-xiii, 1-977. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers 135 South Locust Street.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Skinner, S. & T.J.Entwisle (2004). Non-marine algae of Australia: 6.Cladophoraceae (Chlorophyta). Telopea 10(3): 731-748, 6 fig.

Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Created: 12 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 22910 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Adams, M.S. & Stone, W. (1973). Field studies on photosynthesis of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) in Green Bay, Lake Michigan. Ecology 54: 853-862.
Bellis, V.J. & McLarty, D.A. (1967). Ecology of Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz. in southern Ontario. Journal of Phycology 3: 57-63, 4 figs, 5 tables.
Bergey, E.A., Boettiger, C.A. & Resh, V.H. (1995). Effects of water velocity on the architecture and epiphytes of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 31: 264-271, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Bolas, P.M. & Lund, J.W.G. (1974). Some factors affecting the growth of Cladophora glomerata in the Kentish Stour. Proceedings of the Society for Water Treatment and Examination 23: 25-51.
Bott, T.L. & Rogenmuser, K. (1980). Fungal pathogen of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 40: 977-980.
Braus, M.J., Graham, L.E. & Whitman, T.L. (2017). Spatiotemporal dynamics of the bacterial microbiota on lacustrine Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 53(6): 1255-1262.
Burkett, R.D. (1975). Uptake and release of methylmercury-203 by Cladophora glomerata. Journal of Phycology 11: 55-59, 3 figs, 2 tables.
Choo, K., Snoeijs, P. & Pedersén, M. (2002). Uptake of inorganic carbon by Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) from the Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology 38: 493-502.
Dodds, W.K. (1991). Community interactions between the filamentous alga Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kuetzing, its epiphytes, and epiphyte grazers. Oecologia 85(4): 572-580.
Ettl, H. (1973). Cytological investigation methods for the growth of Cladophora glomerata. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 20(1): 181-184.
Galán-Cubero, A., Flor-Arnau, N., Ortiz-Lerín, R., Cambra-Sánchez, J. & Durán Lalaguna, C. (2009). Contribución al conocimiento de la ecología de Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz. (Cladophorales, Ulvophyceae) en la cuenca del río Ebro. Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 9.
Higgins, S.N., Hecky, R.E., & Guildford, S J. (2005). Modeling the growth, biomass, tissue phosphorus concentration of Cladophora glomerata in eastern Lake Erie: Model description and field testing. Journal of Great Lakes Research 31: 439-455.
Higgins, S.N., Howell, E.T., Hecky, R.E., Guildford, S.J. & Smith, R.E. (2005). The wall of green: the status of Cladophora glomerata on the northern shores of Lake Erie's eastern basin, 1995-2002. Journal of Great Lakes Research 31: 547-563.
Higgins, S.N., Malkin, S.Y., Howell, E.T., Guildford, S.J., Campbell, L., Hiriart-Baer, V. & Hecky, R.E. (2008). An ecological review of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of Phycology 44: 839-854.
Hoffman, J.P. & Graham, L.E. (1984). Effects of selected physicochemical factors on growth and zoosporogenesis of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 20: 1-7, 6 figs, 4 tables.
Kwei Lin, C. (1977). Accumulation of water soluble phosphorus and hydrolysis of polyphosphates by Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology 13: 46-51, 5 figs, 2 tables.
Lawton, D.M., Ainsworth, G.H.H. & Benson-Evans, K. (1980). Localization of lead in the mucilage sheath of Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz. using EDAX analysis. British Phycological Journal 15: 196.
Mantai, K.E. (1974). Some aspects of photosynthesis in Cladophora glomerata. Journal of Phycology 10: 288-291, 2 tables.
Moore, L.F. & McLarty, D.A. (1975). The influence of soil water extract and thiamine on the growth of Cladophora glomerata. Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 530-535.
Moore, L.F. & Traquair, J.A. (1976). Silicon, a required nutrient for Cladophora glomerata (L) Kütz. (Chlorophyta). Planta 128: 176-182.
Niiyama, Y. (1986). Morphological phenology of Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kützing in Hokkaido. Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 216-224.
Raven, J.A., MacFarlane, J.J. & Newman, J.R. (1992). Inorganic carbon supply to the lotic freshwater macroalgae Cladophora glomerata and Lemanea mamillosa. British Phycological Journal 27: 99.
Robinson, P.K. & Hawkes, H.A. (1986). Studies on the growth of Cladophora glomerata in laboratory continuous-flow culture. British Phycological Journal 21: 437-444.
Rönnberg, O. & Lax, P.-E. (1980). Influence of wave action on morphology and epiphytic diatoms of Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz.. Ophelia Supplement 1: 209-218.
Schussnig, B. (1951). Der Kernphasenwechsel von Cladophora glomerata. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 45: 597-602.
Sheath, R.G. & Morison, M.O. (1982). Epiphytes on Cladophora glomerata in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway with paticular reference to the red alga Chroodactylon ramosum (= Asterocystis smargdina). Journal of Phycology 18: 385-391, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Sikes, C.S. (1978). Calcification and cation sorption of Cladophora glomerata (CHlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 14: 325-329.
T'Serclaes, J. de (1922). Le noyau et la division nucléaire dans le Cladophora glomerata. La Cellule 32: 311-329, 1 pl. [in French]
Thomas, D.N., Collins, J.C. & Russell, G. (1988). Interactive effcts of temperature and salinity upon net photosynthesis of Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz. C. rupestris (L.) Kütz.. Botanica Marina 31: 73-77.
Usher, H.D. & Blinn, D.W. (1990). Influence of various exposure periods on the biomass and Chlorophyll a of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 26: 244-249.
Vymazal, J. (1987). Ammonium uptake and biomass interaction in Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta). British Phycological Journal 22: 163-167.
Vymazal, J. (1988). The influence of pH on heavy metal uptake by Cladophora glomerata. British Phycological Journal 23: 297.
Wallentinus, I. (1975). Productivity studies on Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kützing in the northern Baltic proper. Eur. Symp. Mar. Biol. 10: 631-651.
Wilson, K.P., Shannon, J.P. & Blinn, D.W. (1999). Effects of suspended sediment on biomass and cell morphology of Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) in the Colorado River, Arizona. Journal of Phycology 35: 35-41, 7 figs.
Zuraw, E.A. (1969). Culture and physiological requirements of a bacterized Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kütz. from Lake Michigan. Journal of Phycology 5: 83-85, 3 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 30 September 2020.

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