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Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing 1849

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa


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Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
en su hábitat natural, sobre fondo arenoso con pastos marinos. Foto: José Espinosa..

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
3 m depth at Punta Calerita, near La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. 30 Nov 2016. Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk). © Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk).

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
1. Habit. 2. Upper subtidal. Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
KwaZulu-Natal. Olivier de Clerck. © Olivier De Clerck (odclerck@gmail.com).

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing
Coral Bay, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Conferva purpurea (Lightfoot) Dillwyn

Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing Tanzania
© Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se)

Publication details
Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing 1849: 496

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 23-24 July 1849

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Coast of Mexico (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 63). Type: L (de Bolós & Masclans 1955: 63).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), pertaining to Mexico (Stearn 1992).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa crassifolia f. mexicana (Sonder ex Kützing) J.Agardh 1873
Caulerpa pinnata f. mexicana (Sonder ex Kützing) Weber Bosse 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa taxifolia var. crassifolia C.Agardh 1823
Caulerpa harveyana Küzing 1857
Caulerpa crassifolia (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1873

Nomenclatural notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the name Caulerpa pinnata has been misapplied to this species by Greville (1853a: 1-2, pl. I: upper figs. 1,2), Greville (1853b: 197-198, pl. III: upper figs. 1,2) and Weber-van Bosse (1898: 290, pl. XXIV: fig. 1).

Distributional notes
This species apparently was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 253) via the Suez Canal, which opened in 1869; it was first found in Israel and Lemanon in 1939 and is now widespread on the Levantine coast. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in most warm seas. On a rock flat overlain by a layer of calcareous sand a few mm thick, and covered, even at low tides, by 20-50 cm of water; in Chondrophycus papillosus and Caulerpa racemosa communities (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (22 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Gonzalez Henriquez, N. & Santos Guerra, A. (1983). El genero Caulerpa Lamouroux en Las Islas Canarias. Botanica Macaronesica 11: 3-24.

Hodgson, L.M. Pham Huu Tri, Lewmanomont, K. & McDermid, K.J. (2004). Annotated checklist of species of Caulerpa and Caulerpella (Bryopsidales, Caulerpaceae) from Vietnam, Thailand and the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 21-38.

Olsen, J.L., Valero, M., Meusnier, I., Boele-Bos, S. & Stam, W.T. (1998). Mediterranean Caulerpa taxifolia and C. mexicana (Chlorophyta) are not conspecific. Journal of Phycology 34: 850-856, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Ukabi, S., Shemesh, E., Dubinsky, Z, Hershkovits, G. & Israel, A. (2014). Molecular authentication of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) species along the eastern (Israeli) Mediterranean shores. Botanica Marina 57(1): 67-71.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 12 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6178 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chisholm, J.R.M. & Jaubert, J.M. (1999). Comments on the article of Olsen et al. (1998): Mediterranean Caulerpa taxifolia and Caulerpa mexicana (Chlorophyta) are not conspecific. Journal of Phycology 35: 438-440, 1 fig.
Fagerberg, W.R., Hodges (Lavoie), E. & Dawes, C.J. (2010). The development and potential roles of cell-wall trabeculae in Caulerpa mexicana (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 46(2): 309-315.
Fagerberg, W.R., Towle, J., Dawes, C.J. & Bottger, A. (2012). Bioadhesion in Caulerpa mexicana (Chlorophyta): rhizoid-substrate adhesion. Journal of Phycology 48(2): 264-269.
Giaccone, G. & Di Martino, V. (1996). La vegetaziones a Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing nello Stretto di Messina (Sicilia Nord-Orientale). Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Cataia 28: 75-91.
Olsen, J.L., Valero, M., Meusnier, I., Boele-Bos, S. & Stam, W.T. (1998). Mediterranean Caulerpa taxifolia and C. mexicana (Chlorophyta) are not conspecific. Journal of Phycology 34: 850-856, 2 figs, 2 tables.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 April 2021.

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