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Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend 1993

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Suborder Galaxaurineae
Family Galaxauraceae
Genus Tricleocarpa


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Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
en su hábitat natural, en la zona Habana-Matanzas. Detalle de las ramas. Foto: Yureidy Cabrera..

Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
Habit. In intertidal pool on coral reef of Sesoko Island (Okinawa, Japan) during low tide.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
Panama. Cortical cells teased apart showing the interconnecting inner filaments.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
Panama. Surface view of outer layer of cortical cells.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
Panama. Transverse section of cortex with slightly compressed surface cells and mucilage-filled medulla.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend
Panama. Saboga-Las Perlas. Habit showing dichotomous branching distally.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).


Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend Panama. Surface view of outer layer of cortical cells.
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Tricleocarpa fragilis (Linnaeus) Huisman & R.A.Townsend 1993: 100, fig. 1, table 2

Published in: Huisman, J.M. & Townsend, R.A. (1993). An examination of Linnaean and pre-Linnaean taxa referable to Galaxaura and Tricleocarpa (Galaxauraceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 113: 95-101, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Tricleocarpa is Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Eschara fragilis Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Oceano Americano (Jamaica) (Huisman & Townsend 1993: 100). Lectotype: LINN sheet 1297.1, upper specimen (Huisman & Townsend 1993: 100).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), fragile (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Eschara fragilis Linnaeus 1758
Tubularia fragilis (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1767

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina tubulosa Pallas 1766
Corallina oblongata J.Ellis & Solander 1786
Tubularia dichotoma Esper 1794
Tubularia tublosa (Pallas) Esper 1796
Galaxaura oblongata (J.Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Dichotomaria fragilis Lamarck 1816
Dichotomaria oblongata (J.Ellis & Solander) Lamarck 1836
Galaxaura fragilis (Lamarck) J.V.Lamouroux 1842
Galaxaura schimperi Decaisne 1842
Alysium oblongatum (J.Ellis & Solander) Kützing 1843
Galaxaura adriatica Zanardini 1862
Galaxaura obtusata var. oblongata (J.Ellis & Solander) J.Agardh 1876
Galaxaura dactyliophora Piccone & Grunow 1884
Galaxaura stellifera J.Agardh 1885
Galaxaura pilifera Kjellman 1900
Galaxaura constipata Kjellman 1900
Galaxaura dimorpha Kjellman 1900
Galaxaura eburnea Kjellman 1900
Galaxaura vietnamensis E.Y.Dawson 1954
Tricleocarpa oblongata (Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka 1990

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996), the name Galaxaura dichotoma has been misapplied to this species by Jadin (1935: 162)

Habitat notes
Abundant on rocky reefs, rocks and shells of molluscs in the lower intertidal and upper subtidal (Wiriyadamrikul et al. 2013). - (6 Aug 2013) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. & Borowitzka, M.A. (1990). A revision of the Australian species of Galaxaura (Rhodophyta, Galaxauraceae), with a description of Tricelocarpa gen. nov. Phycologia 29: 150-172, 56 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2006). Tricelocarpa. In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 24-28. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Huisman, J.M., Boo, G.H., Boo, S.M. & Lin, S.-M. (2018). Galaxauraceae. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 30-48. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santos, C.N., Pestana, C.M.S., Santos, C.S., Casano, V. & Nunes, J.M.C. (2020). Diversity of Galaxauraceae (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in northeastern Brazil: new record and two new species, Dichotomaria viridis sp. nov. and Tricleocarpa laxa sp. nov. Phytotaxa 454(2): 73-103, 8 figs, 4 tables.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Wang, W.-L., Liu, S.-L. & Lin, S.-M. (2005). Systematics of the calcified genera of the Galaxauraceae (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) with an emphasis on Taiwan species. Journal of Phycology 41: 685-703.

Wiriyadamrikul, J., Geraldino, P.J.L., Huisman, J.M. Lewmanomont, K. & Boo, S.M. (2013). Molecular diversity of the calcified red algal genus Tricleocarpa (Galaxauraceae, Nemalionales) with the description of T. jejuensis and T. natalensis. Phycologia 52(4): 338-351.

Created: 15 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 July 2020 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 October 2021.

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