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Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh 1898

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Delesseriaceae
Subfamily Sarcomenioideae
Tribe Apoglosseae
Genus Apoglossum


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Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
recolectada en la zona Sabana-Camagüey; a. hábito; b. detalle de una lámina. Foto: Mayrene Guimarais..

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
Silver Strand, Co. Galway, Ireland; epiphytic on Corallina officinalis. 06 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
Morgan Bay, Eastern Cape, South Africa, July 2001. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
Morgan Bay, Eastern Cape, South Africa, July 2001. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
Whirlpool Cliff, Lough Hyne, Co. Cork, Ireland; 5-7 m. 25 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Lugo, San Ciprián, 2006; apical cells. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Lugo, San Ciprián, 2006. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh
Whirlpool Cliff, Lough Hyne, Co. Claork, Ireland; to 50 mm long. 27 Apr 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).


Bangia dispersa Montagne

Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh Morgan Bay, Eastern Cape, South Africa, July 2001
© Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za)

Publication details
Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh 1898: 194

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1898). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Vol. 3, Part 3. De dispositione Delesseriearum curae posteriores. pp. i-vii, 1-239. Lundae [Lund]: apud C.W.K. Gleerup.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Apoglossum.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus ruscifolius Turner

Type information
Holotype locality: "Inter rejectamenta maris apud Yarmouth in Norfolcia. Perennis: Floret Januarlo Februario." [Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, amongst the rejectamenta of the sea. Perennial, flowering in January and February] (Turner 1802: 127). Lectotype: BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 203).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Hypoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) Kützing
Fucus ruscifolius Turner 1802
Delesseria ruscifolia (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh)
English: Veined Tongue Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Membranous, tufted, bright red fronds, to 100 mm long. Frond with conspicuous midrib and wavy margin, to 6 mm wide, repeatedly branched from midrib, apices blunt. Numerous microscopic veins, at wide angle from midrib.

On rock and epiphytic, lower intertidal and subtidal, widely distributed, occasional. Apoglossocolax pusilla Maggs et Hommersand, a minute parasite to 2 mm in diameter, rarely (Dorset and Galway) occurs on this species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kylin, H. (1924). Studien über die Delesseriaceen. Acta Universitatis Lundensis 20(6): 1-111, 80 figs.

Lin, S.-M., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. (2012). Molecular phylogeny and developmental studies of Apoglossum and Paraglossum (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) with a description of Apoglosseae trib. nov. European Journal of Phycology 47(4): 366-383.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Wynne, M.J. (2014 '2013'). The red algal families Delesseriaceae and Sarcomeniaceae. pp. [1]-326, 118 figs. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4527 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abélard, C. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1975). Corrélations morphogènes entre les différents cladomes d'une même fronde chez l'Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J. Agardh. Botaniste 57: 15-28.
Clavell, A. & Polo, L. (1998). Estudio comparativo entre Apoglossum gregarium (Dawson) Wynne y Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J. Agardh (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) en las Costa Brava (Girona) y Baleares. Algas 19((Suppl.)): 3-4.
Guillermes, I. & Cremades, J. (1997). Apoglossocolax pusilla (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), adelfoparásito exclusivo de Apoglossum ruscifolium, en las costas de la península Ibérica. : Abstract XII Simposio de Botánica Criptogámica:78.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 January 2021.

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