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Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville 1830

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Delesseriaceae
Subfamily Nitophylloideae
Tribe Nitophylleae
Genus Nitophyllum


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Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
Plouguerneau, Bretagne, France; tetrasporophyte (left); cystocarpic (right). 18 Oct 2009. Susan de Goer. © Susan de Goer .

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
habit, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
habit, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2016,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
with tetrasporagia, Peinzás, North of Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
with tetrasporagia, Peinzás, North of Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
habit, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
with tetrasporagia, Peinzás, North of Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
intertidal rocky pool, South of Portugal, 2011. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
Silver Strand, Co. Galway, Ireland; tetrasporangial plants. 06 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; tetrasporangial plants. 06 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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16 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Cladophora tenerrima Kützing

Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville South of Portugal, 2010
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville 1830: xlvii, 79, pl. 12

Published in: Greville, R.K. (1830). Algae britannicae, or descriptions of the marine and other inarticulated plants of the British islands, belonging to the order Algae; with plates illustrative of the genera. pp. [i*-iii*], [i]-lxxxviii, [1]-218, pl. 1-19. Edinburgh & London: McLachlan & Stewart; Baldwin & Cradock.
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Publication date: Feb.-March 1830

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Nitophyllum.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus punctatus Stackhouse

Type information
Type locality: Weymouth, Dorset, England. (Withering 1796: 405). Notes: Type in BM?

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), dotted, marked with dots, spots, minute glands, etc. (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus punctatus Stackhouse 1796
Ulva punctata (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1797
Papyracea punctata (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1809
Delesseria punctata (Stackhouse) C.Agardh 1822
Wormskioldia punctata (Stackhouse) Sprengel 1827
Aglaophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Areschoug 1847

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Nitophyllum punctatum var. crispatum Harvey
Nitophyllum punctatum var. pollexfenii Harvey
Nitophyllum punctatum var. fimbriatum Harvey
Nitophyllum punctatum var. reniforme J.Agardh
Nitophyllum punctatum var. lobatum Funk
Fucus ocellatus J.V.Lamouroux 1802
Delesseria ocellata (J.V.Lamouroux) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Ulva hutchinensis Poiret 1817
Nitophyllum punctatum var. ocellatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Harvey 1841
Nitophyllum ocellatum (J.V.Lamouroux) J.Agardh 1842
Aglaophyllum punctatum var. ocellatum (Greville) Areschoug 1847

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackhouse) Greville)
English: Spotted Scarf Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Delicately membranous, rose-pink fronds with an elongate fan-shaped outline, margins distinctly frilly, to 40 mm or, exceptionally, to 1 m, sessile or shortly stipitate (< 2 mm long). Frond veinless, undivided or deeply subdichotomously divided to the base; apices blunt or rounded, often ribbon-like. Gametophyte plants form rounded spots to 5 mm in diameter whilst tetrasporphyte plants form characteristic elongated spots.

Annual, intertidal pools in winter and early spring and in the subtidal (15 m) on cobble or other mobile surfaces and on bedrock in the lower parts of kelp forests from spring to mid-or late summer; widely distributed, frequent. Most obvious in spring and early summer.

Key characteristics
Delicate, veinless, translucent fronds with and elongated fan shape and with elongate or rounded spots (reproductive sori) scattered regularly on most plants. Extremely large plants to 1 m long have been known for many years from NE Ireland; there is no explanation for this phenomenon.

Similar species
Similarly delicate Porphyra species occur mainly in the intertidal but are more gelatinous to the touch and do not form well-defined rounded or elongated spots; Halarachnion ligulatum is less translucent, and is less delicate and not frilly; Haraldiophyllum bonnemaisonii is generally clearly stalked and has reproductive sori that are rounded rather than elongated.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Lin, S.-M., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. (2004). Augophyllum, a new genus of the Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis and cystocarp development. Journal of Phycology 40: 962-976, 7 figs, 1 table.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Wynne, M.J. (2014 '2013'). The red algal families Delesseriaceae and Sarcomeniaceae. pp. [1]-326, 118 figs. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8338 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ní Chonchubhair, M. (1954). The seasonal behaviour of Nitophyllum punctatum Grev. in Galway Bay. Irish Naturalists' Journal 11: 224-226.
Svedelius, N (1914). Über die Tetradenteilung in den vielkernigen Tetrasporangium-anlagen bei Nitophyllum punctatum. Berichten der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft XXXII: 48-57, 1 fig, 1 table . [in German]
Svedelius, N. (1914). Über Sporen an Geschlechtspflanzen von Nitophyllum punctatum; ein Beitrag zur Frage des Generationswechsels der Florideen. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 32: 106-116, 1 fig, table. [in German]
Tripodi, G. & Gargiulo, G.M. (1984). Relationships among membranes in plastids of the red alga Nitophyllum punctatum (Stackh.) Grev.. Protoplasma 119: 55-61.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 April 2021.

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