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Phyllophora spiralis Athansiadis, nom. inval. 2016

Publication details
Phyllophora spiralis Athansiadis 2016: 538, nom. inval.

Published in: Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Publication date: "10th July 2016"

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phyllophora is Phyllophora rubens (Linnaeus) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spiral (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Invalid: Cormaci, Furnari & Alongi (2020: 232), "It's noteworthy that according to Athanasiadis (2016: 538) P. nervosa should be a taxon distinct from P. crispa and synonym of P. spiralis (Ginanni) Athanasiadis comb. inval.. Such a combination proposed by Athanasiadis (2016: 538) is invalid because its basionym "Epatica spiralis" Ginanni is an invalid name , differently from what thought by Athanasiadis. In fact, Athanasiadis (2016: 538, Note 2 under footnote 2) stated that "... Epatica spiralis is a case of descriptio generico-specifica [Art. 38.5 of ICN (Turland et al., 2018)], since the other two species names included by Ginanni are invalid (polynomials)." But, in presenting "Epatica spiralis", Ginanni (1755: 26) did not provide his own description or diagnosis, but referred to descriptions made by Ray (1724: 47) and Bauhin & Cherler (1650-51: 795). That, renders "Epatica" an invalid genus name according to the last sentence of Art. 38.5 of ICN (Turland et al., 2018). Consequently, "Epatica spiralis" is an invalid name according to Art. 35.1 of ICN (Turland et al., 2018). Moreover, it should be noted that "Epatica spiralis" is an invalid name also according to Art. 23.6 (a) of ICN (Turland et al., 2018) that states as follows: "The following designations are not to be regarded as species names: (a) Designations consisting of a generic name followed by a phrase name (Linnaean "nomen specificum legitimum") commonly of one or more nouns and associated adjectives in the ablative case, but also including any single-word phrase names in works in which phrase names of two or more words predominate". In fact, the last sentence of the above Article, not present in the previous Melbourne Code (McNeill et al., 2012), is applicable to Ginnani's (1755) paper. [The above nomenclatural conclusions derive from a fruitful exchange of views with John McNeill and William Woelkerling, here both acknowledged]. Finally, if we considered Phyllophora spiralis as the name of a new species described by Athanasiadis, such a name should be invalid because the type indicated by Athanasiadis (2016: 538 Notes [1], as "lectotype") is an illustration and not a specimen as required by Art. 40.4 of ICN (Turland et al., 2018)." - (7 Feb 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Source of current name
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2020). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta - Rhodymeniophycidae I. Acrosymphytales, Bonnemaisoniales, Gelidiales, Gigartinales, Gracilariales. Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 53(38): 11-346, incl. 55 pls.

Created: 07 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 March 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=163024

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2020.

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