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Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon 1964

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Phyllophora


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Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Thurleston, South Devon, England. 25 Aug 2021. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (marineseen@me.com).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants in pools . 29 Mar 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mikeguiry@me.com).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; pools; apices of older plants showing undulating margins . 29 Mar 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mikeguiry@me.com).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; to about 30 cm . 29 Mar 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mikeguiry@me.com).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Peinzás, Lugo, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Peinzás, Lugo, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
08 Mar 2008. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; sandy lagoons at MLWN. 22 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).


Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; sandy lagoons at MLWN
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon 1964: 56

Published in: Dixon, P.S. (1964). Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the Florideae. IV. Botaniska Notiser 117: 56-78, 2 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phyllophora is Phyllophora rubens (Linnaeus) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus crispus Hudson

Type information
Type locality: England (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 222). Lectotype: BM-SL (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 222). Notes: Typified by Dixon (1964, fig. 2).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), crisped, irregularly waved and twisted (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus crispus Hudson 1762

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllophora rubens f. nervosa (De Candolle) Hauck
Chondrus bangii (Hornemann) Lyngbye
Phyllophora epiphylla f. bangii (Hornemann) Rosenvinge
Phyllophora nervosa f. breviarticulata Kalugina
Phyllophora nervosa var. longiarticulata Kalugina
Epatica sprialis Ginanni 1757
Fucus prolifer Lightfoot 1777
Fucus nervosus A.P.de Candolle 1805
Membranifolia lobata Stackhouse 1809
Fucus bangii Hornemann 1813
Delesseria nervosa (A.P.de Candolle) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Sphaerococcus bangii (Hornemann) C.Agardh 1817
Chondrus bangii var. tenuior Lyngbye 1818
Chondrus bangii (Hornemann) Lyngbye 1819
Chondrus bangii var. tenuior Lyngbye 1819
Halymenia nervosa (A.P.De Candolle) Delle Chiaje 1829
Phyllophora nervosa (A.P.de Candolle) Greville 1830
Phyllophora bangii (Hornemann) Areschoug 1845
Rhizophyllis bangii (Hornemann) J.Agardh 1851
Rhodymenia bangii (Hornemann) J.Agardh 1876
Phyllophora rubens var. nervosa (A.P.De Candolle) Hauck 1883
Colacolepis incrustans F.Schmitz 1893
Phyllophora epiphylla f. bangi (Hornemann) Fries ex Rosenvinge 1931
Phyllophora rubens f. bangi (Hornemann) Levring 1935
Phyllophora spiralis Athansiadis 2016

Taxonomic notes
According to Preuss et al. (2017: table 1), a cystocarpic outgrowth of this species was misidentified as a red algal parasite (Colacolepsis incrustans F. Schmitz. - (29 Mar 2017) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Epilithic, rarely epiphytic on Laminaria stipes, in shady places in the lower littoral, and sublittoral to 30 m (Dixon & Irvine 1977). - (17 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Phyllophora crispa (Hudson) P.S.Dixon)
English: Sandy Leaf Bearer (Bunker & al. 2010).

Membranous, flat, bright red fronds, to 150 mm high, irregularly dichotomously branched. Small discoid base and short (less than 10 mm) cylindrical tipe. Bladses with rounded apices, crisped parallel margins, segments shortly stalked with indistinct midrib. Fronds generally encrusted with the circular tube-forming worm Spirorbis, bryozoans, epiphytic algae, etc.

Frequent in shady pools in lower intertidal and on rock subtidally to 30 m.

Similar species
A northern species, Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) Wynne et Heine (formerly Phyllophora truncata) is frequent inwestern Scotland, and in the north of England and Wales to Durham and Anglesey; it is occasionally found in western Ireland south to Achill Island and Clare Island. This species is easily distinguished by its gradually expanding stipe.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Kornmann, P. & Sahling, P.-H. (1994). Meeresalgen von Helgoland: Zweite Ergänzung. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 48: 365-406.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Milchakova, N.A. (2011). Marine plants of the Black Sea. An illustrated field guide. pp. 1-144. Sevastopol: Digit Print Press.

Newroth, P.R. & Taylor, A.R.A. (1971). The nomenclature of the North Atlantic species of Phyllophora Greville. Phycologia 10: 93-97.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Preuss, M., Nelson, W.A. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2017). Red algal parasites: a synopsis of described species, their hosts, distinguishing characters and areas for continued research. Botanica Marina 60(1): 13-25.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12252 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Newroth, P.R. (1972). Studies on life histories in the Phyllophoraceae II. Phyllophora pseudoceranoides and notes on P. crispa and P. heredia (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Phycologia 11: 99-107.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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