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Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Bangiophyceae
Subclass Bangiophycidae
Order Bangiales
Family Bangiaceae
Genus Porphyra


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Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman
Middle intertidal (Nhatrang Bay, South China Sea, Vietnam). 01 Jan 0001. Pham Van Hyuen. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).


Cladosiphon zostericola Harvey ex Kützing

Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman Middle intertidal (Nhatrang Bay, South China Sea, Vietnam)
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman 1897: 10, pl. 1: figs 1-3; pl. 2: figs 5-9; pl. 5: figs 4-7

Published in: Kjellman, F.R. (1897). Japanska arter af slägtet Porphyra. Bihang til Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, Afd. III 23(4): 1-34, 5 plates. [in Swedish]
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Porphyra is Porphyra purpurea (Roth) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Pyropia suborbiculata (Kjellman) J.E.Sutherland, H.G.Choi, M.S.Hwang & W.A.Nelson

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Porphyra areolata Kjellman 1897
Phyllona areolata (Kjellman) Kuntze 1898

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman)
Chinese: Tsz Tsai, Tsu Tsoi, Tsu Tsai, Chi Tsai, Hung Tsoi, Hung Tsai, Chi Choy, Hai Tsai, Hai Tso (Madlener 1977), Zi-cai (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

English: Red Laver (Madlener 1977).

Japanese: Mambiama, Maruba-amanori (Madlener 1977), Iwanori (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Korean: Kim (Madlener 1977).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
tsu choy {China}

Thallus membranous, orbicular, 2-3-(6) cm high, to 10 cm broad, sessile, commonly aggregate, often overlapping each other, with smooth or slightly undulate margins, purple-red to dark brownish-red, often with lighter marginal stripe, cordate or sometimes cuneate at base with small discoid attachment, Blade monostromatic, thin, (40)-50-70 µm. Margins inrolled, edges dentate. In transverse section, cells 28-30 µm high and 15-25 µm broad, with single, stellate chloroplast. Monoecious, spermatangial and carposporangial patches develop along margins. Growing during autumn-winter season on the uppermost (splash zone) to middle intertidal rocks, exposed to strong wave action.

Type information
Type locality: Goto-retto, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 93). Lectotype: J.V.Petersen; 25 May 1881; UPS (Sutherland et al. 2011: 1145). Notes: Syntypes in UPS, L, S.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman)
North America: Connecticut (CT) (Klein & al. 2003, Neefus, Mathieson, Bray & Yarish 2008), Massachusetts (MA) (Neefus, Mathieson, Bray & Yarish 2008), North Carolina (NC) (Klein & al. 2003, Teasdale et al. 2009).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987 , Monotilla & Notoya 2004 ), Vietnam (Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Broom & al. 2002, Monotilla & Notoya 2004, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Broom & al. 2002, Monotilla & Notoya 2004), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Monotilla & Notoya 2004, Lee 2008, Kim & Kim 2011), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

Source of current name
Sutherland, J.E., Lindstrom, S.C., Nelson, W.A., Brodie, J., Lynch, M.D., Hwang, M.S., Choi, H.-G., Miyata, M., Kikuchi, N., Oliveira, M.C., Farr, T., Neefus, C., Mols-Mortensen, A. Milstein, D. & Müller, K.M. (2011). A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1131-1151.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Broom, J.E., Nelson, W.A., Yarish, C., Jones, W.A., Aguilar Rosas, R. & Aguilar Rosas, L.E. (2002). A reassessment of the taxonomic status of Poprhyra suborbiculata, Poprhyra carolinensis and Porphyra lilliputiana (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. European Journal of Phycology 37: 227-235.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kim, H.-S. & Kim, S.-M. (2011). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 1. Rhodophyta: Stylonematophyceae, Compsopogonophyceae, Bangiophyceae. Primitive red algae. pp. [1-6], 1-138, figs 1-101. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Klein, A.S, Mathieson, A.C., Neefus, C.D., Cain, D.C., Taylor, H.A., Teasdale, B.W., West, A.L., Hehre, E.J., Brodie, J., Yarish, C. & Wallace, A.L. (2003). Identification of north-western Atlantic Porphyra (Bangiaceae, Bangiales) based on sequence variation in nuclear SSU and plastid rbcL genes. Phycologia 42: 109-122, 3 figs, 5 tables.

Mathieson, A.C., Pederson, J.R., Neefus, C.D., Dawes, C.J. & Bray, T.L. (2008). Multiple assessments of introduced seaweeds in the Northwest Atlantic. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 730–741.. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65: 730-741, 5 figs.

Neefus, C.D., Mathieson, A.C. Bray, T.L. & Yarish, C. (2008). The distribution, morphology and ecology of three introduced asiatic species of Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in the northwestern Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 44(6): 1399-1414.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Tanaka, T. (1952). The systematic study of the Japanese Protoflorideae. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University 2(2): 1-92, 41 figs, 23 pls.

Teasdale, B.W., West, A., Klein, A.S. & Mathieson, A.C. (2009). Distribution and evolution of variable group-I introns in the small ribosomal subunit of North Atlantic Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 171-182, 3 figs, 5 tables.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Zheng Baofu & Li Jun [Zheng, B.F. & Li, J.] (2009). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. I. Porphyridiales Erythropeltidales Goniotrichiales Bangiales. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-[134], pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4208 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aye-Mon-Sein, D., Ni-Ni-Win, D., San-Tha-Htun, U., Soe-Htun, U. & Ohno, M. (2003). Studies on Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Myanmar. I. The morphology and life history in culture. Bulletin of Marine Sciences and Fisheries Kochi University 22: 65-79.
Broom, J.E., Nelson, W.A., Yarish, C., Jones, W.A., Aguilar Rosas, R. & Aguilar Rosas, L.E. (2002). A reassessment of the taxonomic status of Poprhyra suborbiculata, Poprhyra carolinensis and Porphyra lilliputiana (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. European Journal of Phycology 37: 227-235.
Iwasaki, H. & Sasaki, N. (1972). The Conchocelis-phase of Porphyra suborbiculata forma latifolia. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 364-367.
Monotilla, W.D. & Notoya, M. (2004). Morphological and physiological responses of Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) blades from five localities. Botanica Marina 47: 323-334, 9 figs, 2 tables.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 February 2020.

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