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Sargassum swartzii C.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum

Pictures

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Sargassum swartzii C.Agardh
1. Fragment with vesicles. 2. Upper portion of branches. 3. Upper subtidal (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

 

Nitophyllum durvillei (Bory) Greville

Sargassum swartzii C.Agardh 1. Fragment with vesicles. 2. Upper portion of branches. 3. Upper subtidal (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Sargassum swartzii C.Agardh 1820: 11

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1820 '1821'). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum. Pars prima. pp. [i-iv], [1]-168. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: probably Jan-April 1820

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Binderianae

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus swartzii Turner 1811
Sargassum spathulifolium J.Agardh 1848
Sargassum wightii Greville ex J.Agardh 1848
Sargassum acutifolium Greville 1849

Nomenclatural notes
Yoshida (1988: 7) cites the authority for this species as (Turner) C. Agardh. Noro et al. (1994) cite the authority for this species as (Turner) C. Agardh, 1820. Tseng & Lu (1995) and Ajisaka (2002) cite the authority for this species as (Turner) C. A. Agardh, 1824: 296. Accoding to Silva, Basson & More (1996) "Fucus swartzii Turner, the intended basionym of Sargassum swartzii, is not priorable since it is a later homonym of F. swartzii C. Agardh (1815a: 105; type locality: Japan). Sargassum swartzii C. Agardh is treated as a nomen novum in accordance with Art. 58.3. The earlier homonym was referred by Yoshida (1983: 142%u2013143, 148) to Sargassum thunbergii (Mertens ex Roth) Kuntze (1880: 215, 228) (Fucus thunbergii Mertens ex Roth, 1806: 104%u2013105, pl. III; syntype localities: China; Japan) without infraspecific recognition in contrast to earlier authors who recognized var. swartzii (Kützing, 1849: 635) and forma swartzii (Okamura, 1923 [1923%u20131928]: 8)." (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) the name Sargassum acinaria has been misapplied to this species by various authors - please consult original reference for full listing.

Included in section Binderianae by Matteo et al. 2010 (formerly in section Acanthocarpicae). - (11 Aug 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: India (Mattio et al. 2010: 902). Lectotype: BM 563461 (Mattio et al. 2010: 902). Notes: Lectotype designated by Matteo et al. (2010: 902).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Ajisaka, T. (2002). Sargassum specimens from Singapore and Malaysia in the Herbarium of the Bishop Museum. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 77-88. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Ajisaka, T. (2002). Sargassum specimens from Singapore and Malaysia in the Herbarium of the Bishop Museum. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 77-88. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Dixon, R.R.M. & Huisman, J.M. (2015). Fucales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-275. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Mattio, L. & Payri, C.E. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Sargassum species (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from New Caledonia based on morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1374-1388.

Mattio, L., Bolton, J.J. & Anderson, R.J. (2015). Contribution to the revision of the genus Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Madagascar using morphological and molecular data. Cryptogamie Algologie 36(2): 143-169.

Mattio, L., Payri, C.E., Verlaque, M. & De Reviers, B. (2010). Taxonomic revision of Sargassum sect. Acanthocarpicae (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). Taxon 59(3): 896-904.

Noro, T., Ajisaka, T. & Yoshida, T. (1994). Species of Sargassum subgenus Sargassum (Fucales) with compressed primary branches. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 23-31. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Phillips, N. (1995). Biogeography of Sargassum (Phaeophyta) in the Pacific basin. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol. 5, pp. 107-145. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Tseng, C.K. & Baoran, L (1995). Studies on the glomerulate Sargassum of China: I. The series Binderiana. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 67-74. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Tseng, C.K. & Baoren, L (1995). Studies on the glomerulate Sargassum of China: II. The species group Swartzia. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 75-92. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Yip, T.Z., Quek, R.Z.B., LOw, J.K.Y., WIlson, B. & Bauman, A.G., Chou, L.M., Todd, P.A. & Huang, D.W. (2018). Diversity and phylogeny of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Singapore. Phytotaxa 369(3): 200-210, 3 figs.

Yoshida, T. (1988). Japanese and Taiwanese species of Sargassum subgenus Sargassum. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 5-21.

Created: 07 May 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 18 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3230 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chauhan, V.D. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1966). Observations on the output of oospores, their liberation, viability and germination in Sargassum swartzii (Turn.) C. Ag. Salt Research and Industry 3(Abstract): 11.
Chauhan, V.D. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1967). Observations on the output of oospores, their liberation, viability and germination in Sargassum swartzii (Turn.) C. Ag. In: Proceedings of the Sminar on Sea, Salt and Plants...Bhavnagar...1965. (Krishnamurthy, V. Eds), pp. 1§97-201. Bhavnagar, India:
Chauhan, V.D. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1972). Ecology and seasonal succession of Sargassum swartzii (Turn.) C. Ag. in Indian waters. Phykos 10: 1-11, 16 figs, 2 tables.
Chauhan, V.D. (1972). Physiological ecology of the early stages of Sargassum swartzii (Turner) C. Ag.. Botanica Marina 15: 49-51, 1 plate, 4 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2019.

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