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Gracilaria edulis (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva 1952

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

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Gracilaria edulis (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
1. Upper portion showing bifurcate tips. 2. Fragment with cystocarps. 3. Longitudinal section through cystocarp. 4. Habitat (overgrowing the lobster farm constructions at Mot Island, Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Gracilaria edulis (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

 

Stilophora australis Harvey

Hydropuntia edulis (S.G.Gmelin) Gurgel & Fredericq 1. Upper portion showing bifurcate tips. 2. Fragment with cystocarps. 3. Longitudinal section through cystocarp. 4. Habitat (overgrowing the lobster farm constructions at Mot Island, Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Gracilaria edulis (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva 1952: 293

Published in: Silva, P.C. (1952). A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. University of California Publications in Botany 25: 241-323.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Hydropuntia edulis (S.G.Gmelin) Gurgel & Fredericq

Basionym
Fucus edulis S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: 'India orientalis' (South & Skelton 2003: 722). Notes: According to Millar & Xia (1997), the type locality is Indonesia.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Lewmanomont (1994), Millar & Xia (1997) and South & Skelton (2003), this species is current.

Distributional notes
Philippines record based on illustrations of specimens brought to Guam workshop by Doty (Abbott, 1985).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
; "moss, Ceylon"

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Gurgel, C.F.D., Norris, J.N., Schmidt, W.E., Le, H.N. & Fredericq, S. (2018). Systematics of the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta) including new subfamilies, tribes, subgenera, and two new genera, Agarophyton gen. nov. and Crassa gen. nov. Phytotaxa 374(1): 1-23.

Key references
Abbott, I.A. (1985). Gracilaria from the Philippines: list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 89-90.

Abbott, I.A. (1994). New records and a reassessment of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta) from the Philippines. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 111-118. Calif. Sea Grant College.

Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Gurgel, C.F.D. & Fredericq, S. (2004). Systematics of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta): a critical assessment based on rbcL sequence analysis. Journal of Phycology 40: 138-159.

Lewmanomont, K. (1994). The species of Gracilaria from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 135-148. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-031].

Millar, A.J.K. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (2005). Marine benthic macroalgae collected by Vieillard from New Caledonia and described as new species by K├╝tzing. Phycologia 44: 536-549.

Millar, A.J.K. & Xia, B.M. (1997). Studies on terete species of Australian Gracilaria. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 103-109. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Nguyen H. Dinh (1992). Vietnamese species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 207-210. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Ohno, M., Terada, R. & Yamamoto, H. (1999). The species of Gracilaria from Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 99-111. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Phang, S.-M. (1994). Some species of Gracilaria from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 125-134. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Tsuda, R.T. (1985). Gracilaria from Micronesia: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 91-92. California Sea Grant College Program.

Yamamoto, H. (1985). Gracilaria from Japan: Vegetative and reproductive keys and list of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 77-80. California Sea Grant College Program.

Created: 30 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10211 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aung Myint, U. & Min-thein, U. (1976). Experimental field culture of Gracilaria edulis at Setse, Mon State. pp. 7.: Burma Research Congress.
Aye Kyaw, U. (1981). The production of Gracilaria edulis in Burma. In: Reports on the Training Course on Gracilaria algae (A training subject under FAO/UNDP project RAS/79/041 implemented through RAS/74/013). ( Eds), pp. 135-137. Manila, Philippines:
Costanzo, S.D., O'Donohue, M.J. & Dennison, W.C. (2000). Gracilaria edulis (Rhodophyta) as a biological indicator of pulsed nutrients in oligotrophic waters (Note). Journal of Phycology 36: 680-685.
Durairatnam, M. (1987). Studies of the yield of agar, gel strength and quality of agar of Gracilaria edulis (Gmel. ) Silva from Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 12: 509-512.
Gerung, G.S., Terada, R., Yamamoto, H. & Ohno, M. (1999). An adelphoparasite growing on Gracilaria edulis (Gracilariaceae Rhodophyta) from Manado, Indonesia. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 131-136. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.
Jones, A.B., Dennison, W.C. & Stewart, G.R. (1996). Macroalgal responses to nitrogen source and availability: amino acid metabolic profiling as a bioindicator using Gracilaria edulis (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 32: 757-766, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Krishnamurthy, V., Venkataraju, P. & Venugopal, R. (1969). An aberrant life-history in Gracilaria edulis (Gmel.) Silva and Gracilaria corticata J. Ag. Curr. Sci. 38: 343-344.
Le Le Hnin, D. & Than Nyunt, U. (1981). Agar-agar from Gracilaria edulis and the effect of admixture with Hypnea hippuroides. pp. 10.: Burma Research Congress.
Mal, T.K. & Subbaramaiah, K. (1990). Morphological variation in Gracilaria edulis (Gmel.) Silva from the Mandapam region, India. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 100: 383-392.
Min-Thein, U. & Aung Myint, U. (1982). Pond culture of Gracilaria spp. (G. edulis, G. verrucosa, G. crassa, G. foliifera) at Setse. Technical Reports. pp. 1-7, 7 pp..
Price, I.R. & Bielig, L.M. (1992). Agar yield from Gracilaria edulis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in the Townsville Region, Eastern Tropical Australia. Botanica Marina 35: 457-460, 1 table.
Raju, P.V. & Thomas, P.C. (1971). Experimental field cultivation of Gracilaria edulis (Gmel.) silva. Botanica Marina 14: 71-75.
Romero, J.B., Montano, M.N.E., Merca, F.E., Villanueva, R.D., Liao, M.-L. & Bacic, A. (2007). Seasonal variations in the composition and gel quality of agar from Gracilaria edulis in the Philippines. Botanica Marina 50(3): 191-194.
Sivapalan, A. & Thievendirarajah, K. (1985). Experimental field cultivation of Gracilaria edulis. J of Signapore National Academy of Science 14: 189-191.
Soe Pa Pa Kyaw, Mya Kyawt Wai, Thida Nyunt, Mu Mu Aye & Soe-Htun, U. (2009). Some observations on the daily growth rate of the agarophytes, Gracilaria gracilis, G. canaliculata and Hydropuntia edulis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), from Kyaikkhami and Setse, Mon State. Journal of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science 7(5): 333-346.
Subbaramaiah, K. & Thomas, P.C. (1995). Raft cultivation of Gracilaria edulis (Gmel.) Silva. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 100(2): 123-127.
Thomas, P.C. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1976). Agar from cultured Gracilaria edulis (Gmel.) Silva. Botanica Marina 19: 115-117.
Yotsu-Yamashita, M., Haddock, R.L.& Yasumoto, T. (1993). Polycavernoside A: a novel glycosidic macrolide from the red alga Polycavernosa tsudai (Gracilaria edulis). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115: 1147-1148.
Yu, C.-H., Lim, P.-E. & Phang, S.-M. (2012). Effects of irradiance and salinity on the growth of carpospore-derived tetrasporophytes of Gracilaria edulis and Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui (Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology : DOI 10.1007/s10811-012-9960-8.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 September 2020.

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