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Gracilaria truncata Kraft 1977

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

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Gracilaria truncata Kraft
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

 

Stictophyllum venosum Kützing

Gracilaria truncata Kraft Tanzania
© Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se)

Publication details
Gracilaria truncata Kraft 1977: 495

Published in: Kraft, G.T. (1977). Transfer of the New Zealand red alga Tylotus proliferus (Gracilariaceae, Gigartinales) to the genus Gracilaria. New Zealand Journal of Botany 15: 495-502, 15 figs.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "New Zealand, Colenso s.n. (TCD0011988)" (Nelson & Dahlen 2014: 241). Lectotype: Colenso; TCD 00119988 (Nelson & Dahlen 2014: 241).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), truncate, i.e., ending very abruptly as if cut straight across (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Crassa truncata (Kraft) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq 2018

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Rhodymenia prolifera Harvey 1855
Calliblepharis prolifera (Harvey) J.Agardh 1876
Palmaria prolifera (Harvey) Kuntze 1891
Tylotus prolifer (Harvey) Kylin 1932
Crassiphycus proliferus (Harvey) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq 2018

Nomenclatural notes
New name for Rhodymenia prolifera Harvey; priority for Gracilaria prolifera Reinsch, 1888. - (1 Nov 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gracilaria truncata Kraft)
Africa: Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Amirante Islands (Silva & al. 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chapman 1979, Adams 1994, Nelson & Phillips 1996, Miller 2003, Lin et al. 2012, Nelson 2012, Nelson & Dahlen 2014), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Chapman 1979, Nelson 2013).

(as Crassiphycus proliferus (Harvey) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq)
Subantarctic Islands: Îles Kerguelen (Féral & al. 2021).

Key references
Lyra, D. de M., Iha, C., Grassa, C.J., Cai, L., Zhang, H.G., Lane, C., Blouin, N., Oliveira, M.C., Nunes, J. M de C. & Davis, C.C. (2021). Phylogenomics, divergence time estimation and trait evolution provide a new look into the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 165(107294): [1-14], 4 figs.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Created: 30 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 September 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2317 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1935

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

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