160,132 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,604 images, 62,233 bibliographic items, 471,453 distributional records.

Cladophora albida (Nees) Kutzing 1843

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Cladophoraceae
Genus Cladophora


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Cladophora albida (Nees) Kutzing
Fuente: Suárez et al. (1989a), aparece como C. scitula..


Publication details
Cladophora albida (Nees) Kutzing 1843: 267

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cladophora is Cladophora oligoclona (Kützing) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Annulina albida Nees

Type information
Type locality: Island of Selsey, England (Womersley 1984: 206). Type: Dillenius; OXF (Womersley 1984: 206). Notes: See van den Hoek 1963: 94.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), somewhat white, whitish (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Annulina albida Nees 1820

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cladophora refracta f. nana Schiffner
Conferva albida Hudson 1778
Conferva neesiorum C.Agardh 1827
Cladophora falcata Duby 1828
Conferva scitula Suhr 1831
Conferva hamosa Kützing 1843
Cladophora laetevirens var. adunca Kützing 1843
Cladophora neesiorum (C.Agardh) Kützing 1845
Cladophora tenuis Kützing 1845
Cladophora chlorothrix Kützing 1845
Cladophora ramellosa Kützing 1845
Cladophora spinulosa Kützing 1845
Cladophora torulosa Kützing 1845
Conferva lepidula Montagne 1846
Cladophora comosa De Notaris 1846
Conferva inops Zanardini 1847
Conferva falcata Harvey 1849
Cladophora hamosa (Kützing) Kützing 1849
Cladophora pumila Kützing 1849
Cladophora curvula Kützing 1849
Cladophora scitula (Suhr) Kützing 1849
Cladophora gracillima Kützing 1849
Cladophora humilis Kützing 1849
Cladophora corymbifera Kützing 1849
Cladophora lepidula (Montagne) Kützing 1849
Cladophora curvula var. hystrix Kützing 1849
Cladophora curvula var. incurva Kützing 1849
Cladophora flexicaulis Kützing 1849
Cladophora glaucescens var. alba Kützing 1849
Cladophora gracillima var. conferta Kützing 1849
Cladophora refracta var. spinulifera Kützing 1849
Cladophora reticulata Kützing 1849
Cladophora subpectinata Kützing 1849
Cladophora magdalenae Harvey 1851
Conferva arborescens Derbès & Solier 1851
Cladophora spinulifera (Kützing) Kützing 1854
Cladophora acutangula Zanardini ex Frauenfeld 1855
Cladophora gracillima Harvey 1859
Cladophora uncata Bertoloni 1862
Conferva curvula (Kützing) Crouan 1867
Conferva curvula var. gracillima (Kützing) Crouan 1867
Cladophora notarisii Ardissone & Stafforello 1877
Cladophora hamosa f. refracta Hauck 1885
Cladophora bertolonii var. hamosa (Kützing) Ardissone 1886
Cladophora bertolonii var. corymbifera (Kützing) Ardissone 1886
Cladophora albida var. refracta Thuret ex Collins 1902
Cladophora neesiorum var. humilis (Kützing) Batters 1902
Cladophora neapolitana Schiffner 1926
Cladophora neapolitana f. elongata Schiffner 1926
Cladophora tenuissima Schiffner 1931
Cladophoropsis pallida Baardseth 1941
Cladophora blidingiana Kylin 1949
Cladophora harveyi Womersley 1956

Nomenclatural notes
Stegenga & Mol (1983: 57) cite this species as Cladophora albida (Hudson) Kützing, van den Hoek (1963: 94) concurs with this, and cites Conferva albida Hudson (1778) as the basionym. Conferva albida Hudson is, however, a later homonym of Conferva albida Forsskål, q.v., and the earliest available valid name is Annulina albida Nees (see Silva et al. 1987: 97; Hoek & Chihara 2000: 123).

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) note that, according to Hoek (1982), tropical records of Cladophora albida should more correctly be attributed to C. montagneana.

Kim, Kwon & Hwang (2010) refer to Atlantic, Pacific and Polychotomous "types". - (6 Feb 2012) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Coto, A.C.S.P. & Pupo, D. (2009). Flora ficológica de Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 3. Ulvophyceae. pp. [i]-x, [1]-76, 94 figs. São Carlos: RiMa Editora: FAPESP.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Hoek, C. van den & Chihara, M. (2000). A taxonomic revision of the species of Cladophora (Chlorophyta) along the coasts of Japan and the Russian Far-east. Natural Science Museum [Tokyo] Monographs 19: 1-242, 100 figs.

Hoek, C. van den (1963). Revision of the European species of Cladophora. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-248, 1 fig., 55 pls, 18 maps. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J. & Hwang, I.-K. (2010). Caldophorales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 55-154. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanova, T.V., Titlyanov, E.A., Xia, B. & Bartsch, I. (2012). New records of benthic marine green algae (Chlorophyta) for the island of Hainan (China). Nova Hedwigia 94: 441-470.

Yoshii, Y., Hanyuda, T., Wakana, I., Miyaji, K., Arai, S., Ueda, K. & Inouye, I. (2004). Carotenoid compositions of Cladophora balls (Aegagropila linnaei) and some members of the Cladophorlaes (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta): their taxonomic and evolutionary implication. Journal of Phycology 40(6): 1170-1177, 3 figs, 3 tables.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 06 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10324 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bakker, F.T., Olsen, J.L. & Stam, W.T. (1995). Evolution of nuclear rDNA ITS sequences in the Cladophora albida/sericea clade (Chlorophyta). Journal of Molecular Evolution 40: 640-651, 4 figs, 7 tables.
Bakker, F.T., Olsen, J.L., Stam, W.T. & van den Hoek, C. (1992). Nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) define discrete biogeographic groups in Cladophora albida (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 28: 839-845, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Bot, P.V.M., Holton, R.W., Stam, W.T. & van den Hoek, C. (1989). Molecular divergence between North Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific Cladophora albida (Cladophorales: Chlorophyta) isolates as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization. Marine Biology, Berlin 102: 307-313, 3 figs, 3 tables.
Breeman, A.M., Oh, Y.S., Hwang, M.S. & Van den Hoek, C. (2002). Evolution of temperature responses in the Cladophora vagabunda complex and the C. albida/sericea complex (Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 37: 45-58.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 03 March 2021.

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