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Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich 1897

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Sporolithales
Family Sporolithaceae
Genus Sporolithon

Pictures

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Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

 

Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich
© Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it)

Publication details
Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich 1897: 67, figs 2, 3, pl. III [3]: figs 20-23

Published in: Heydrich, F. (1897). Corallinaceae, insbesondere Melobesieae. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 15: 34-70, 3 figs, pl. III.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Sporolithon.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Tor, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt (Silva & al. 1996: 277). Lectotype: TRH (Verheij 1993: 190). Notes: Lectotype: TRH, no number (as Sporolithon ptychoides f. dura) designated by Woelkerling & Townsend (in Woelkerling 1988: 204, fig. 239) (Verheij, 1993: 190). Lectotype (S. ptychoides f. dura): TRH C19-3412, Heydrich no. 12; collected by A. Kaiser (Richards et al., 2017: 1050).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sporolithon ptychoides f. durum Heydrich 1897
Archaeolithothamnion erythraeum f. durum (Heydrich) Foslie 1900
Archaeolithothamnion dimotum Foslie & M.Howe 1906

Nomenclatural notes
See Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 277) with regard to the nomenclature complications attached to this entity.

Silva et al. (1996: 277) note that Heydrich (1897a: 67) described S. ptychoides forma durum ('dura') and forma molle ('mollis') but later (1897c: 416) he elevated forma molle to specific rank, thus effectively lectotypifyng S. ptychoides with form durum. That part of the species which includes the type must be given the autonym S. ptychoides forma ptychoides. - (2 Oct 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Overgrowing coral on shallow fringing reefs and reef flats, 1-1.5 m deep (Richards et al., 2017). - (27 Nov 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bahia, R.G, Maneveldt, G.W., Amado-Filho, G.M. & Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. (2015). New diagnostic characters for the order Sporolithales (Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 51(6): 1137-1146.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Denizot, M. (1968). Les algues floridées encroutantes (à l'éxclusion des Corallinacées). pp. [1]-310, 227 figs. Paris: Laboratoire de Cryptogamie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.

Jesionek, M.B., Bahia, R.G., Hernández-Kantún, J., Adey, W.H., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y., Longo, L.L. & Amado-Filho, G.M. (2016). A taxonomic account of non-geniculate coralline algae (Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from shallow reefs of the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(4): 317-340.

Kaewsuralikhit, C., Maneekat, S., Noiraska, T., Patarajinda, S. & Baba, M. (2012). First record of Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich (Sporolithales, Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from Thailand. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(3): 265-276.

Richards, J.L., Sauvage, T., Schmidt, W.E., Fredericq, S., Hughey, J.R. & Gabrielson, P.W. (2017). The coralline genera Sporolithon and Heydrichia (Sporolithales, Rhodophyta) clarified by sequencing type material of their generitypes and other species. Journal of Phycology 53(5): 1044-1059.

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Townsend, R.A. & Huisman, J.M. (2018). 'Coralline algae'. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 86-97, 105-137, 143-146. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Verheij, E. (1993). The genus Sporolithon (Sporolithaceae fam. nov., Corallinales, Rhodophyta) from the Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. Phycologia 32(3): 184-196, 27 figs, 3 tables.

Created: 01 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3034 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alongi, G., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (1996). On the occurrence of Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich (Corallinales, Sporolithaceae, Rhodophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea. Cryptogamie, Algologie 17: 131-137, 11 figs.
Bahia, R.G., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Maneveldt, G.W. & Amado Filho, G.M (2011). First report of Sporolithon ptychoides (Sporolithales, Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) for the Atlantic Ocean. Phycological Research 59: 64-69.
Kaewsuralikhit, C., Maneekat, S., Noiraska, T., Patarajinda, S. & Baba, M. (2012). First record of Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich (Sporolithales, Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from Thailand. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(3): 265-276.
Keats, D.W. & Chamberlain, Y.M. (1993). Sporolithon ptychoides Heydrich and S. episporum (Howe) Dawson: two crustose coralline red algae (Corallinales, Sporolithaceae) in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 59: 541-550, 45 figs, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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