161,733 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 63,700 bibliographic items, 473,646 distributional records.

Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne 1841

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Cystocloniaceae
Genus Hypnea


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne
Cabrillo National Monument, California.. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.

Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne
1. Fragment showing branching pattern. 2. Natural habitat (Vietnam, lobster farm, rope overgrowing with Hypnea valentiae). Insert: fragment with cystocarps.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).


Amphora elliptica (C.Agardh) Kützing

Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne Cape Peron, Western Australia
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne 1841: 161

Published in: Montagne, C. (1841). Familia III. Phyceae. Fries. In: Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries. Tome Troisème. Duexième Partie. Phytographia canariensis. Section ultima. Plantae cellulares. DC.. (Barker-Webb, P. & Berthelot, S. Eds) Vol. 3, pp. 132-198 [Index 195-208]. Paris: Béthune, Éditeur, rue de Vaugirard, 36.
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Hypnea is Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus valentiae Turner

Type information
Type locality: Red Sea (Dawson 1961: 239). Type: Lord Valentia; BM (ex K) (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 23).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus valentiae Turner 1809
Sphaerococcus valentiae (Turner) C.Agardh 1817
Sphaerococcus musciformis var. valentiae (Turner) C.Agardh 1822
Hypnea musciformis var. valentiae (Turner) Harvey 1834
Hypnophycus valentiae (Turner) Kuntze 1891

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hypnea adunca J.Agardh 1885
Hypnea californica Kylin 1941

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Hypnea cornuta (J.V. Lamour.) J. Agardh as a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
See note on descriptions. Chiang, Y.M (1997: 167, 169) refers to the Hypnea charoides-valentiae complex and notes that many intermediate forms are found in Taiwanese waters. Lewmanomont (1997: 187) also refers to the above complex and notes that "this species is rather common in the Gulf of Thailand".

According to Tsiamis & Verlaque (2011), world distributions should be considered with caution due to numerous confusions and misidentifications (Verlaque et al., in press). Silva et al. (1996) note that this may be a misapplied name (fide Womersley, 1994: 445). Womersley (1994: 445) notes that the southern Australian specimens agree fairly well with Turner's original illustration and description [of Fucus valentiae] , and he refers them to this species pending further study of the type specimens and variation of the taxa of Hypnea. This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 115), probably via oyster, being first found at Etang de Thau, France, in 1996. - (1 Nov 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm seas; on rock flat, ca. 1 m below low water; on rock flat gently sloping seawards, ca. 30 cm below low water (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Tropical and subtropical waters; occurs in sheltered localities but usually where there is current flow, e.g. on the sides of channels; 0-11 m deep; on rock and on marina (Womersley 1994). - (3 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

[Greece]. In mid-littoral zone, epilithic in sheltered rock pool on a semi-exposed rocky shore; associated flora include Dictyota implexa and Ulva rigida; alien macroalgae Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea, Lophocladia lallemandii and Stypopodium schimperi found nearby (Tsiamis & Verlaque 2011). - (1 Nov 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Nematicidal activity (Abid et al. 2005). - (22 May 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Yamagishi & Masuda (1997: 140, 141) note that among plants growing in Japan, no clear-cut differences between H. charoides and H. valentiae are found and that the specimen of H. valentiae shown by Dawson (1954: 436, fig. 47) is similar to the typical form of H. charoides found in Japan. They treat these as a H. charoides-valentiae complex.

Occurs in sheltered localities but usually where there is current flow, e.g. on the sides of channels (Womersley 1994: 445).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Abid, M., Zaki, M.J., Khan, M.Q. & Sattar, A. (2005). Use of marine algae for the management of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica in okra ant tomato plants . Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 187-192.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Carter, J.R. & Denny, P. (1992). Freshwater algae of Sierra Leone, IV. Bacillariophyceae. Part (iii). Diatoms from the Lake Sonfon región and from Lake Popei. Nova Hedwigia 54(1/2): 159-211, 11 pl., 1 table.

Chiang, Y.-M. (1997). Species of Hypnea Lamouroux (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 163-177. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Lewmanomont, K. (1997). Species of Hypnea from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 179-191. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Lourenço, S.O., Barbarino, E., Nascimento, A. & Paranhos, R. (2005). Seasonal variations in tissue nitrogen and phosphorus of eight macroalgae from a tropical hypersaline coastal environment. Cryptogamie Algologie 26: 355-371.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Tsiamis, K. & Verlaque, M. (2011). A new contribution to the alien red macroalgal flora of Greece (Eastern Mediterranean) with emphasis on Hypnea species. Cryptogamie Algologie 32(4): 393-410.

Weber-van Bosse, A. (1913). Marine algae. Rhodophyceae, of the "Sealark" Expedition, collected by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M.A.. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Second Series, Botany 8: 105-142, 1 fig, pls 12-14.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. [1]-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Xia, B.M. & Wang, Y.Q. (1997). Some species of the genus Hypnea (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from China. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 193-206. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Yamagishi, Y. & Masuda, M. (1997). Species of Hypnea from Japan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 135-162. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 08 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5536 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Mshigeni, K.E. & Lorri, W.S.M. (1977). Spore germination and early stages of development in Hypnea valentiae (Turner) Montagne. Botanica Marina 20: 381-383, 6 figs.
Subba Rangaiah, G. & Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1983). Seasonal growth, reproduction and spore shedding in Hypnea valentiae (Turn.) Mont. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Plant Sciences) 92: 473-482.
Subba Rangaiah, G. (1983). Effect of environmental factors on germination and growth in Hypnea valentiae (Turn.) Mont.. Proc. All India Applied Phycological Congress, Kanpur : 235-243.
Yamagishi, Y. & Masuda, M. (2000). A taxonomic revision of a Hypnea charoides-valentiae complex (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in Japan, with a description of Hypnea flexicaulis sp. nov.. Phycological Research 48: 27-36.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=2512

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio