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Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Hildenbrandiophycidae
Order Hildenbrandiales
Family Hildenbrandiaceae
Genus Hildenbrandia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Cabrillo National Monument, California.. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 12 Feb 2012. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
North of Spain, 2006. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Hildenbrandia rubra on stones, Spiddal.. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spain, North of Galicia, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
TS tetrasporangial cavities, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
surface view of tetrasporangial cavities, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; on upper-shore granitic boulders with the invasive barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin. 27 Jan 2008. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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19 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants on granite in upper-shore pool
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini 1841: 426 (as 'Hildenbrandtia' )

Published in: Meneghini, G. (1841). [Algologia Dalmatica]. In: Sezione di botanica, e fisiologia vegetabile. Adunanza del dì 16 Settembre 1841. In: Atti della Terza Riunione degli Scienziati Italiani, tenuta in Firenze nel Settembre del 1841. (Savi, P. Eds), pp. 417-436. Firenze: Galileiana.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Hildenbrandia is Hildenbrandia prototypus Nardo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Verrucaria rubra Sommerfelt

Type information
Type locality: Hab. in lapidibus a fluxu maris inundatis ad litora Nordlandiae frequenter [Nordland, Norway] (Sommerfelt 1826: 140). Lectotype: O (Irvine & Pueschel 1994: 240). Notes: According to Irvine & Pueschel (1994: the lectotype: is from Norway (Saltdal). Sherwood & Sheath (2003: 411) give the following data: Holotype: Yaltdalen. Sommerfelt (vii. 1822); in O (no number given).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), red (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Verrucaria rubra Sommerfelt 1826

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hildenbrandia prototypus Nardo 1834
Hildenbrandia nardiana Zanardini 1839
Hildenbrandia nardoi Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia nardii Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia nardii Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia rosea Kützing 1843
Hildenbrandia sanguinea Kützing 1843
Rhododermis drummondii Harvey 1844
Hildenbrandia rosea var. fuscescens Caspary 1871

Habitat notes
Epilithic on pebbles mixed with maërl; depth range: 2-6 m (Peña & Bárbara 2010). Growing on pebbles associated with maerl beds; depth: 19 m (Pena & Bárbara, 2013). - (4 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini)
Swedish: Havsstenhinna (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Description
Rose-red or brownish-red crusts, 0.2-0.5 mm thick, of indefinite extent, closely adherent to substrate, without rhizoids; without surface markings.

Habitat
On rocks and stones at all tidal levels, often in splash zone in caves, and subtidal, widely distributed, extemely abundant, particularly in upper shore where it appears to be very tolerant to extremes of temperature, light and salinity.

Key characteristics
Thin, extensive crust with irregular outlines; only red crust that grows on rock in the upper half of the shore.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Hildenbrandia prototypus Nardo)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Ercegovic 1980), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984, Pericás 1984), Britain (Newton 1931), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Feldmann 1939), Greece (Athanasiadis 1987), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli et al. 1976), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Sauvageau 1897, Miranda 1931, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Gallardo et al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989), Sweden (Kylin 1944).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Børgesen 1929), E. Greenland (Lund 1959, Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Levring 1974).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindstrom 1977), California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Silva 1979, Stewart 1991), Florida (FL) (Taylor 1960), Mexico (Taylor 1945, Dawson 1953), North Carolina (NC) (Taylor 1960).

Central America: Costa Rica (Taylor 1945), Islas Revillagigedo (Taylor 1945), Panama (Taylor 1945).

Caribbean Islands: Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South America: Argentina (Pujals 1963), Brazil (Taylor 1930 , Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Colombia (Taylor 1945), Fuegia (Papenfuss 1964), Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945), Peru (Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1943), Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984), Japan (Segawa 1981), Kurile Islands (Nagai 1941), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Kloczcova 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1984, Cribb 1996).

Pacific Islands: Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

(as Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999, Fredriksen & Kile 2012, Hop et al. 2012), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013, Mikhaylova 2017).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979), Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Bulgaria (Berov et al. 2012), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), Denmark (Wernberg 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 1997, Guiry 2012), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Serio et al 2006), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Araujo et al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009, Peña & Bárbara 2013), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Furnari et al. 2003), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Slovenia (Rindi & Battelli 2005), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Ramos Esplá 1985, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde et al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Viviana Peña, Ignacio Bárbara 2010, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández et al. 2010, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Price & John 1980, John et al. 2004, Tsiamis et al. 2017), Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Greenland (Pedersen 2011), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), British Columbia (Müller et al. 2005), California (CA) (Miller 2012), Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Florida (FL) (Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Maine (ME) (Mathieson et al. 2001), Mexico (Caribbean) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), New Brunswick (Bates et al. 2005), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), Nova Scotia (Kim & Garbary 2006, Scrosati 2016), Oregon (OR) (Hansen 1997, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ).

Central America: Costa Rica (Fernández-García et al. 2011), El Salvador (Fernández-García et al. 2011), Panama (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Uruguay (Coll & Oliveira 1999), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Gambia (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Liberia (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Moussa et al. 2018), Namibia (Rull Lluch 2002, John et al. 2004), São Tomé & Príncipe (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Sierra Leone (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Middle East: Egypt (Aleem 1993), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) et al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Vietnam (Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Tseng 2009), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2019), Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997), Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2019), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1994, Selivanova 2002), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Womersley 1994), Victoria (Womersley 1994).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007).

(as Hildenbrandia rosea Kützing)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1907).

North America: Gulf of California (Dawson 1944).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930 ).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Irvine, L.M. & Pueschel, C.M. (1994). Hildenbrandiales. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles Volume 1 Rhodophyta Part 2B. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds) Vol.1(2B), pp. 235-241. London: HMSO.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Peña, V. & Bárbara, I (2013). Non-coralline crustose algae associated with maerl beds in Portugal: a re-appraisal of their diversity in the Atlantic Iberian beds. Botanica Marina 56(5/6): 481-493.

Peña,V. & Bárbara, I. (2010). New records of crustose seaweeds associated with subtidal maërl beds and gravel bottoms in Galicia (NW Spain). Botanica marina 53: 41-62.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16801 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kim, K.Y. & Garbary, D.J. (2006). Fluorescence responses of photosynthesis to extremes of hyposalinity, freezing and desiccation in the intertidal crust Hildenbrandia rubra (Hildebrandiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 45(6): 680-686, 7 figs.
Pueschel, C.M. (1988). Cell sloughing and chloroplast inclusions in Hildenbrandia rubra (Rhodophyta, Hildenbrandiales). British Phycological Journal 23: 17-23.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 January 2020.

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