162,405 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,760 images, 63,996 bibliographic items, 474,969 distributional records.

Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs 1848

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Zygnematophyceae
Subclass Zygnematophycidae
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Staurastrum

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs
Black Loch, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs
Black Loch, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Prasiola cristata (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) J.Agardh

Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs Black Loch, South Ayrshire , Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs 1848: 138, fig. XXIII [23]: fig. 8a-f

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae The drawings by Edward Jenner, A.L.S.. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, 35 pls. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve, King William Street, Strand.
 Download PDF

Publication date: 1 Jan 1848

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Staurastrum.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Britain (several records); Germany (Meyen, Kützing); Falaise (Brébisson); West Point, N.Y. (Bailey) (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), paradoxical.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bicudo, C.E.M., Faustino, S.M.M & Godinho, L.R. (2018). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 4, parte 4. Zygnemaphyceae. pp. [i-viii], [1]-320, 504 figs. São Paulo: TRiMa: FAPESP.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, J. (2013). European flora of the desmid genera Staurastrum and Staurodesmus. pp. [1]-357, 5 text-figs, 120 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Gontcharov, A.A. & Melkonian, M. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of Staurastrum Meyen ex Ralfs and related genera (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) based on coding and noncoding rDNA sequence comparisons. Journal of Phycology 41: 887-899.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Lind, E.M. & Pearsall, W.H. (1945). Plankton algae from north-western Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 50B: 311-320.

Meyen, F.J.F. (1829). Beobachtungen über einige niedere Algenformen. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae 14: 768-778, pl. XLIII [43].

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodorosley SSSR. Zelenyye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidiyevyye [Manual for identification of the freshwater algae of the USSR. Desmidiales]. Vol. 11(2) pp. 620, 163 figures. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe Otdelenie. [in Russian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 22331 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Brook, A.J. (1958). Two desmid rubbish dumps, Staurastrum paradoxum and S. gracile. British Phycological Bulletin 1(6): 29-30.
Brook, A.J. (1959). Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen and S. gracile Ralfs in the British freshwater plankton, and a revision of the S. anatinum group of radiate desmids. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 63: 589-628, 18 pls.
Brook, A.J. (1959). De Brébisson's determination of Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen and S. gracilis Ralfs. Nova Hedwigia 1: 163-165.
Brook, A.J. (1959). Notes on the desmids of the genus Staurastrum. III. Staurastrum paradoxum in the Jenner Herbarium of the British Museum. Naturalist, Hull 1959: 81-83.
Brook, A.J. (1959). The published figures of Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen. Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 4: 239-255.
Brook, A.J. (1960). The varieties of Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen - nomen dubium. Nova Hedwigia 1: 431-442.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=29445

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 July 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio