163,373 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,949 bibliographic items, 480,226 distributional records.

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug 1845

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ralfsiales
Family Ralfsiaceae
Genus Ralfsia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
middle intertidal on Patella, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
Galicia, Ría de A coruña, 2010, microscope. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
South Africa. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (Robert.Anderson@uct.ac.za).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
microscope, Spain, Galicia, San Andrés de Teixido, 2002; unilocular sporangia. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Vivero, 2006. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug
Platboom, Cape Peninsula, South Africa; mid-intertidal rock. 21 Sep 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Antithamnion plumula var. refractum (Kützing) Schiffner

Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug Galicia, Ría de A coruña, 2010, microscope
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug in Fries 1845: 124

Published in: Fries, E.M. (1845). Summa vegetabilium Scandinaviae, seu enumeratio, systematica et critica, plantarum tum cotyledonearum, quum nemearum inter mare occidentale et album, inter Eidoram et Nordkap, hactenus lectarum, una cum singulae distributione geographica. pp. Sectio prior: [i], [iii], [i]-258, signatures 1-16 in fours. Holmiae & Lipsiae [Stockholm & Leipzig]: A. Bonnier.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ralfsia is Ralfsia deusta (C.Agardh) Berkeley.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Pseudoralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Parente, Fletcher & G.W.Saunders

Basionym
Cruoria verrucosa Areschoug

Type information
Type locality: "Hab, in scrobiculis aqua marina repletis et undas invectas maris semper fere accipientibus Bahusiae septentrionalis copiose legimus.[Bahusia or Bohuslän, Western Götaland, Sweden] (Areschoug 1843: 264). Lectotype?: S A 4006 (Parente & al. 2020: 16, figs 2-8). Notes: Lectotype (Parente et al., 2020: 16) designated by whom at S? Syntypes issued as Alg. Scand. Exsicc. No 256

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), warty (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Price et al. (1978) and Womersley (1987) cites the authorities for this species as (Areschoug) J. Agardh. Authorities and place of publication of the combination here is as verified in Index Nominum Algarum.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) Areschoug)
English: Limpet Paint (Bunker & al. 2010).

Japanese: Iso-iwatake (Tokida 1954).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Parente, M.I., Fletcher, R.L., Costa, F.O. & Saunders, G.W. (2020 '2021'). Taxonomic investigation of Ralfsia-like (Ralfsiales, Phaeophyceae) taxa in the North Atlantic Ocean based on molecular and morphological data, with descriptions of Pseudoralfsiaceae fam. nov., Pseudoralfsia azorica gen. et sp. nov. and Nuchella vesicularis gen. et sp. nov.. European Journal of Phycology 56(1): 12-23, 21 figs, 2 tables.

Key references
Areschoug, J.E. (1847). Phycearum, quae in maribus Scandinaviae crescunt, enumeratio. Sectio prior Fucaceas continens. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 13: 223-382, pls I-IX.

Belous, O.S., Titlyanova, T.V. & Titlyanov, E.A. (2013). Morskiye rasteniya bukhty Troitsy i smezhnykh akvatorii radno (Zaliv Petra Velikogo, Yaponskoye more) [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. 263, profusely illustrated. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 45: 1-508.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Dragastan, O. & Richter, D.K. (1999). Late Jurassic oolites from the Acrocorinth (NE - Peloponnesus): Calcareous micro-algae as an exceptional paleoecologic indicator. Bochumer geol. u. geotechn. Arb 53: 149-172.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Klochkova, N.G., Koroleva, T.N. & Kushidi, A.E. (2009). Atlas vodorosley-makrofitov prikamchatskikh vod [Atlas of algae-macrophytes of Kamchatka waters. Green and brown algae]. Vol. 1 pp. 216, profusely illustrated. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski: Izdaniya KamchatNIRO. [in Russian]

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Wernberg, T. (2006). Scale of impact determines early post-disturbance assemblage structure in subtidal Fucus beds in the Baltic Sea (Bornholm, Denmark). European Journal of Phycology 41: 105-113.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. [1]-484, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Yoshida, T. (1998). Marine algae of Japan. pp. [1-2], 1-25, 1-1222. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Zanardini, G. (1874). Scelta di ficee nuove o piu rare del mare Adriatico. Memorie del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti 18(1): [253]-286, pls XCVII-CIV.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel' zelenykh, burykh i krasnykh vodorosley yuzhnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of the USSR]. pp. 224, 222 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 09 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8632 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kain (Jones), J.M. (2008). Winter favours growth and survival of Ralfsia verrucosa (Phaeophyceae) in high intertidal rockpools in southeast Australia. Phycologia 47(5): 498-509, 11 figs, 5 tables.
Kain (Jones), J.M., Buchanan, J., Boo, S.M. & Lee, K.M. (2010). Colpomenia bullosa crust masquerading as Ralfsia verrucosa (Phaeophyceae) in southeast Australia. Phycologia 49(6): 617-627.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2021.

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