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Phacus caudatus Hübner 1886

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus caudatus Hübner
Poland, Masurian Lake District, Mikołajki town, pond, 13 May 2018. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus caudatus Hübner
Poland, Izdebno Nowe village, pond, 8 May 2018. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus caudatus Hübner
train CCAC 0034, Belgium, nature reserve De Zegge. 24 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Publication details
Phacus caudatus Hübner 1886: 5, fig. 5

Published in: Hübner, E.F.W. (1886). Euglenaceen-Flora von Stralsund. Programm des Realgymnasiums Stralsund 1886: 1-20, 1 pl..
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Knieperstrand: Petroleumschuppen (Selten, neben anderen Euglenaceen) (Hübner 1886: 5). Holotype: Hübner 1886, fig. 5: Fig. 3t (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020: 1145) (epitype) (Hübner 1886: 5). Notes: Germany, Stralsund; GenBank AJ532482 (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), caudate, i.e., ending with a tail-like appendage (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus caudatus var. undulata Skvortsov 1922
Phacus caudata var. volicensis Drezepolski 1925
Phacus caudatus var. latus P.Allorge & M.Lefèvre 1925
Phacus ovalis Skvortsov 1958

Distributional notes
According to Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. (2020: 1152), the presence of Austrian, Korean, Romanian and Polish strains in the P. caudatus clade affirms the cosmopolitan nature of this species. - (16 Dec 2020) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Lakes, puddles, swamps and salt-water; recorded as indicator of moderately to strong polluted water (Valadez et al. 2010, citing various authors). - (5 Jan 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Description
Emended diagnosis (Lukomska-Kowalczyk, 2020).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Allegre, C.F. & Jahn, T.L (1943). A survey of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Protozoa; Euglenoidina). . Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 62(3): 233-244.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Popova, T.G. (1955). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodorosley SSSR. Evglenovyye vodorosli [Manual for identification of the freshwater algae of the USSR. Euglenids]. Vol. 7 pp. 282, 119 figures. Moscow: Sovetskaya Nauka. [in Russian]

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Tariq-Ali, S., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2005). Taxonomic study of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Euglenophyta) from Lahore and Sialkot districts of Pakistan. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 173-176.

Valadez, F., Rosiles-Gonzalez, G. & Cremona, J. (2010). Euglenophytes from Lake Chignahuapan, Mexico. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(3): 305-319.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1399 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 September 2021.

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