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Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin 1841

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin
Poland, Jelonki (district of Warsaw), Schneider’s Pond, 6 May 2019. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin
Poland, Mąkolno village, pond, 26 April 2020. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin
Poland, Izdebno Koscielne village, field pond, 22 July 2019. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Pinnularia ignobilis A.Cleve

Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin Poland, Jelonki (district of Warsaw), Schneider’s Pond, 6 May 2019
© Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl)

Publication details
Phacus pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Nitzsch ex Dujardin 1841: 336, pl. 5: fig. 5 a, b

Published in: Dujardin, F. (1841). Histoire naturelle des Zoophytes, Infusoires, comprenant la physiologie et la clasification de ces animaux et la manière de les étudier à l'aide du microscope. pp. i-xii, 1-684. Paris: Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Cercaria pleuronectes O.F.Müller

Type information
not given (Index Nominum Algarum). Neotype: Euglena pleuronectes Ehrenberg, 1830: 83. pl, VI, fig. V (1-6). 1832: Epitype: Fig. 1, c, d, e, and t (permanently preserved material of strain SAG 1261-3b at WA (Poland) (epitype) (Kosmala et al. 2007: 1077). Notes: Epitype: Kosmala et al. 2007: fig. 1d, designated by Lukomska-Kowalczyk (2020:1148) [presumably because Kosmala et al. (2007: 1077) did not include the phrase "designated type"]. GenBank AJ532475.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Cercaria pleuronectes O.F.Müller 1773
Virgulina pleuronectes (O.F.Müller) Bory 1825

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus pleuronectes var. triquetrus (Ehrenberg) Klebs 1883
Phacus prunoideus Roll 1925
Phacus pulcher Y.V.Roll 1925
Phacus granulatus Roll 1925
Phacus megapyrenoidea Roll 1925
Phacus acuminatus var. megapyrenoideus (Roll) Pochmann 1942
Phacus acuminatus var. granulatus (Roll) Huber-Pestalozzi 1955
Phacus pleuronectes var. prunoideus (Roll) T.G.Popova 1955
Phacus trapezoides Stawinski 1969
Phacus granulatus var. laevis Z.X.Shi 1996
Phacus trapezialis Z.X.Shi 1999

Nomenclatural notes
Phacus pleuronectes (Müller) Nitzsch [Dujardin]; Dujardin, Infusoires: 336. 1841 is cited in Index Nominum Algarum. - (10 Mar 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Emended diagnosis in Kosmala et al. (2007: 1077).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Allegre, C.F. & Jahn, T.L (1943). A survey of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Protozoa; Euglenoidina). . Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 62(3): 233-244.

Araujo, G.J.M. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2018). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 6. Euglenophyceae. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-203, plus 306 figs. São Paulo: TRiMa: FAPESP.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Kosmala, S., Bereza, M., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2007). Morphological and molecular examination of relationships and epiphyte establishment of Phacus pleuronectes, Phacus orbicularis, and Phacus hamelii. Journal of Phycology 43(5): 1071-1082.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Monfils, A.K., Triemer, R.E. & Bellairs, E.F. (2011). Characterization of paramylon morphological diversity in photosynthetic euglenoids (Euglenales, Euglenophytaa). Phycologia 50(2): 156-169.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Tariq-Ali, S., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2005). Taxonomic study of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Euglenophyta) from Lahore and Sialkot districts of Pakistan. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 173-176.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3087 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Dynesius, R.A. & Walne, P.L. (1975). Ultrastructure of the reservoir and flagella in Phacus pleuronectes (Euglenophyceae). Journal of Phycology 11: 125-130, 13 figs.
Kosmala, S., Bereza, M., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2007). Morphological and molecular examination of relationships and epiphyte establishment of Phacus pleuronectes, Phacus orbicularis, and Phacus hamelii. Journal of Phycology 43(5): 1071-1082.
Shin, W., Boo, S.M. & Triemer (2001). Ultrastructure of the basal body complex and putative vestigial feeding apparatus in Phacus pleuronectes (Euglenophyceae). Journal of Phycology 37: 913-921.

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Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2021.

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