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Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni 1891

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Bacillariophycidae
Order Naviculales
Suborder Neidiineae
Family Amphipleuraceae
Genus Frustulia

Pictures

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Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni
Live cells in mucilage tube; focus on top of cells. Drawdown zone, Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK. 28 Sep 2011. © C.F. Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni
Live cells in mucilage tube; focus on middle of cells. Drawdown zone, Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK. 28 Sep 2011. © C.F. Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; ditch, 1000x, DIC. 07 Mar 2010. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; ditch, 1000x, DIC. 07 Mar 2010. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; ditch, 1000x, DIC. 07 Mar 2010. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Epymenia stenoloba F.Schmitz ex Mazza

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; ditch, 1000x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni 1891: 280

Published in: De Toni, G.B. (1891). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. II. Sylloge Bacillariearum. Sectio I. Rhaphideae. pp. [i-iii]. [i]-cxxxii, 1-490. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.
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Publication date: 25 July 1891

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Frustulia is Frustulia saxonica Rabenhorst.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Schizonema vulgare Thwaites

Type information
Type locality: "Occurs during the spring in almost every ditch and running stream" [England]. (Thwaites 1848: 170).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), common, general, ordinary (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Schizonema vulgare Thwaites 1848
Colletonema vulgare (Thwaites) W.Smith 1856
Navicula vulgaris (Thwaites) Heiberg 1863
Vanheurckia vulgaris (Thwaites) Van Heurck 1885
Brebissonia vulgaris (Thwaites) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Frustulia vulgaris var. elliptica Hustedt 1937
Frustulia vulgaris var. typica Cleve-Euler 1952

Habitat notes
Extraordinarily wide ecological amplitude. - (10 Jul 2010) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

General environment
This is a freshwater/terrestrial species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Aboal, M., Álvarez Cobelas, M., Cambra, J. & Ector, L. (2003). Floristic list of non-marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. Updated taxonomy and bibliography. Diatom Monographs 4: 1-639.

Cocquyt, C. (2007). Diatom diversity in Hausburg Tarn, a glacial lake on Mount Kenya, East Africa. Diatom Research 22(2): 255-285, 126 figs.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Foged, N. (1966). Freshwater diatoms from Ghana. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Shrifter 15(1): 1-169, 25 pls.

Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (2013). Diatomeen im Süßwasser—Benthos von Mitteleuropa. Bestimmungsflora Kieselalgen für die ökologische Praxis. Über 700 der häufigsten Arten und ihre Ökologie. pp. [1]-908, 133 pls. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

John, J. (2016). Diatoms from Stradbroke and Fraser Islands, Australia: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 1. pp. [1]-377, 258 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae 1 Teil: Naviculaceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Begründet von A. Pascher. Herausgegeben von. H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig & D. Mollenhauer. Band 2/1. pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-876, 206 pls with 2976 figures. Stuttgart & New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Lange-Bertalot, H. (2001). Navicula sensu stricto. 10 Genera separated from Navicula sensu lato. Frustulia. Diatoms of Europe Vol. 2: diatoms of the European inland waters and comparable habitats. pp. 1-526, 140 pls. Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag. K.G.

Lange-Bertalot, H., Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Cantonati, M. (2017). Freshwater benthic diatoms of Central Europe: over 800 common species used in ecological assessments. English edition with updated taxonomy and added species (Cantonati, M. et al. eds). pp. [1]-942, 135 pls. Schmitten-Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Reichardt, E. (2018). Die Diatomeen im Gebiet der Stadt Treuchtlingen. pp. [1]-576 (Band 1); 579-1184 (Band 2), incl 451 pls. München: Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft [Selbstverlag der Gesellschaft].

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2021.

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