162,379 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,760 images, 63,987 bibliographic items, 474,946 distributional records.

Asterionella formosa Hassall 1850

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Fragilariophycidae
Order Rhabdonematales
Family Tabellariaceae
Genus Asterionella


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Asterionella formosa Hassall
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK. 16 Jan 2008. © C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Asterionella formosa Hassall
Massed cells in plankton. Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK. 16 Aug 2013. © C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Asterionella formosa Hassall
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf couse, 1000x, DIC. 06 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).


Goniolithon congestum Foslie

Asterionella formosa Hassall Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK
© C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Asterionella formosa Hassall 1850: 9, 10, pl. II (Grand Junction Company): fig. 5 (p. 62)

Published in: Hassall, A.H. (1850). A microscopic examination of the water supplied to the inhabitants of London and the suburban districts; illustrated by coloured plates, exhibiting the living animal and vegetable productions in Thames and other waters, as supplied by the several companies; with an examination, microscopic and general, of their sources of supply, as well as the Henly-on-Thames and Watford plans, etc. pp. 1-66 [advertisements pp. 67-69], pls I-VII. London: Samuel Highley, 32, Fleet Street.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Asterionella.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: England: London: Thames R. (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), beautiful, handsome.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Asterionella gracillima var. formosa (Hassall) Wislouch 1921

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Aboal, M., Álvarez Cobelas, M., Cambra, J. & Ector, L. (2003). Floristic list of non-marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. Updated taxonomy and bibliography. Diatom Monographs 4: 1-639.

Chudaev, D.A. & Gololobova, M.A. (2016). [Diatoms of the Glubokoe lake (Moscow region)]. pp. [1]-446, 266 pls. Moscow. [in Russian]

De Bruin, A., Ibelings, B.W., Rijkeboer, M., Brehm, M. & van Donk, E. (2004). Genetic variation in Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae): is it linked to frequent epidemics of host-specific parasitic fungi?. Journal of Phycology 40: 823-830, 3 figs, 3 tables.

Dijkman, N.A. & Kromkamp, J.C. (2007). Photosynthetic characteristics of the phytoplankton in the Scheldt estuary: community and single-cell fluorescence measurements. European Journal of Phycology 41: 425-434.

Edlund, M.B., Williams, R.M. & Soninkhishig, N. (2003). The planktonic diatom diversity of ancient Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia. Phycologia 42: 232-260.

Flöder, S. & Burns, C.W. (2005). The influence of fluctuating light on diversity and species number of nutrient-limited phytoplankton . Journal of Phycology 41: 950-956.

Geissler, U., Jahn, R. & Kusber, W.-H. (2006). The diatom flora of Berlin (Germany): a spotlight on some documented taxa as a case study on historical biodiversity. Proceedings of the International Diatom Symposium 18: 91-105.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Joh, G. (2010). Asterionella, Diatoma, Meridion, Opephora, Tabellaria. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 3, Number 2. Chrysophyta: Bacillariophyceae: Pennales: Araphidineae: Diatomaceae. Freshwater diatoms II. (Joh, G., Lee, J.H., Lee, K. & Yoon, S.-K. Eds), pp. 7-50. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Kobayashi, H., Idei, M., Mayama, S., Nagumo, T. & Osada, K. (2006). Kobayashi hiromu keiso zukan. H.Kobayasi's atlas of Japanese diatoms based on electron microscopy. dai 1kan. pp. [1]-531, 180 pls. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A.M., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Genkal, S.I. (2016). [Identification book of diatoms from Russia]. pp. [1]-804, 165 pls. Yaroslavl: Filigran. [in Russian]

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2011). Okrzemki – Bacillariophyta (Diatoms) (with the English key for the identification to the genus) Cz. 4/2: Okrzemki pierzaste (Fragilariophyceae, Eunotiophyceae, Achnanthales) Part two: Pennate diatoms - I). In: Flora Zatoki Gdanskiej i wód przyleglych (Baltyk poludniowy). : [1]-167, plus 4 pls, 4 photo.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Qi Yuzao & Li Jiaying & Qi Yuzao [ Qi, Y.Z. & Li, J.Y.] with Xie Shuqi & Zhang Zian [Xie,S.-Q. & Zhang, Z.] (2004). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus X Bacillariophyta Pennatae (Arpahidiales Raphidionales). pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-161, plus pls I-XLI. Beijing: Science Press.

Reavie, E.D. & Kireta, A.R. (2015). Centric, araphid and eunotioid diatoms of the coastal Laurentian Great Lakes. Sampling, taxonomic descriptions and environmental characteristics. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 62: [1]-184, 49 pls.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Siver, P.A., Hamilton, P.B., Stachura-Suchoples & Kociolek, J.P. (2005). Diatoms of North America. The freshwater flora of Cape Cod. Iconographia Diatomologica 14: 1-463, 1075 figs in 94 pls.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Weckstrom, K. & Juggins, S. (2006). Coastal diatom-environment relationships from the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology 42: 21-35.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 February 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10232 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Belay, A. & Fogg, G.E. (1978). Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 341-347, 9 figs, 1 table.
Boggetto, N., Gontero, B. & Maberly, S.C. (2007). Regulation of phosphoribulokinase and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in a freshwater diatom, Asterionella formosa . Journal of Phycology 43: 1227-1235.
De Bruin, A., Ibelings, B.W., Rijkeboer, M., Brehm, M. & van Donk, E. (2004). Genetic variation in Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae): is it linked to frequent epidemics of host-specific parasitic fungi?. Journal of Phycology 40: 823-830, 3 figs, 3 tables.
Erales, J., Gontero, B. & Maberly, S.C. (2008). Specificity and function of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in a freshwater diatom, Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 44: 1455-1464.
Gsell, A.S., de Senerpont Domis, L.N., Przytulska-Bartosiewicz, A., Mooij, W.M., van Donk, E. & Ibelings, B.W. (2012). Genotype-by-temperature interactions may help to maintain clonal diversity in Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 48(5): 1197-1208.
Happey-Wood, C.M. & Hughes, D.I. (1979). Physiological and morphological distinctions in cultures of Asterionella formosa Hass. isolated from contrasting lakes. British Phycological Journal 14: 124.
Hayakawa, T., Kudoh, S., Suzuki, Y. & Takahashi, M. (1994). Temperature-dependent changes in colony size of the freshwater pennate diatom Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae) and their possible ecological implications. Journal of Phycology 30: 955-964, 9 figs, 2 tables.
Holm, N.P. & Armstrong, D.E. (1981). Note: Effects of Si:P concentration ratios and nutrient limitation on the cellular composition and morphology of Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 17: 420-424, 2 figs, 1 table.
Jaworski, G. & Lund, J.W.G. (1970). Drought resistance and dispersal of Asterionella formosa Hass.. Beih. Nova Hedw. 31: 37-48.
Jaworski, G.H.M., Wiseman, S.W. & Reynolds, C.S. (1988). Variability in sinking rate of the freshwater diatom Asterionella formosa : the influence of colony morphology. British Phycological Journal 23: 167-176.
Kilham, S.S. (1975). Kinetics of silicon-limited growth in the freshwater diatom Asterionella formosa. Journal of Phycology 11: 396-399, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Kling, H.J. (1993). Asterionella formosa ralfs: the process of rapid size reduction and its possible ecological significance. Diatom Research 8(2): 475-479.
Koob, D.D. (1966). Parasitism of Asterionella formosa Hass. by a chytrid in two lakes of the Rawah wild area of Colorado. Journal of Phycology 2: 41-45, 3 figs, 2 tables.
Kudoh, S. & Takahashi, M. (1990). Fungal control of population changes of the planktonic diatom Asterionella formosa in a shallow eutrophic lake. Journal of Phycology 26: 239-244, 4 figs, 2 tables.
Lund, J.W.G. (1950). Studies on Asterionella formosa Hass II. Nutrient depletion and the spring maximum. Part I. Observations on Windermere, Esthwaite Water and Blelham Tarn. Journal of Ecology 38: 1-14.
Lund, J.W.G. (1961). Asterionella formosa Hass. var. acaroides Lemm. A phycological enigma. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 63-66, 2 figs.
Lund, J.W.G. (1963). Changes in depth and time of certain physical conditions and of the standing crop of Asterionella formosa Hass. in the north basin of Windermere in 1947. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 246B(731): 255-290.
Ostrofsky, M.L. & Peairs, H.J. (1981). The relative photosynthetic efficiency of Asterionella formosa Hass. (Bacillariophyta) in natural plankton assemblages. Journal of Phycology 17: 230-233, 5 figs.
Pappas, J.L. & Stoermer, E.F. (2003). Morphometric comparison of the neotype of Asterionella formosa Hassall (Heterokontophyta, Bacillariophyceae) with Asterionella edlundii sp. nov. from Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia. Diatom 19: 55-65, 30 figs.
Tilman, D. & Kilham, S.S. (1976). Phosphate and silicate growth and uptake kinetics of the diatoms Asterionella formosa and Cyclotella meneghiniana in batch and semicontinuous culture. Journal of Phycology 12: 375-383, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Tomkins, T. & Blinn, D.W. (1976). The effect of mercury on the growth rate of Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton and Asterionella formosa Hass.. Hydrobiologia 49: 111-116.
Wiseman, S.W. & Reynolds, C.S. (1981). Sinking rate and electrophoretic mobility of the freshwater diatom Asterionella formosa: an experimental investigation. British Phycological Journal 16: 357-361, 1 fig.
Wiseman, S.W., Jaworski, G.H.M. & Reynolds, C.S. (1984). Variability in sinking rate of the freshwater diatom Asterionella formosa Hass.: the influence of the excess density of colonies. British Phycological Journal 18: 425-432, 3 figs, 1 table.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 July 2021.

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