156,301 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,002 images, 60,417 bibliographic items, 445,512 distributional records.

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Fragilariophycidae
Order Fragilariales
Family Fragilariaceae
Genus Fragilaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton
BF image showing chloroplasts. Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK. 01 Feb 2017. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com) C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton
Renton, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 14 Sep 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton
Seattle, Washington, USA; ship canal, 1000x, DIC. 15 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 06 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Nitzschia sigma var. amphioxys Grunow

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton BF image showing chloroplasts. Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com) C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton 1869: 110, fig. 81

Published in: Kitton, F. (1869). Notes on New York Diatoms with description of a new species Fragilaria crotonensis. Hardwicke's Science-Gossip 5: 109-110, 3 fig.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Fragilaria is Fragilaria pectinalis (O.F.Müller) Lyngbye.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Synedra crotonensis (Kitton) Cleve & Möller 1878
Nematoplata crotonensis (Kitton) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Synedra crotonensis var. prolongata f. belgica Grunow 1881
Fragilaria crotonensis var. prolongata Grunow 1885

Nomenclatural notes
Edlund et al. (2003: 236) cite the authority for this as (A.M. Edwards) Kitton but Edwards was the collector. - (30 May 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Aboal, M., Álvarez Cobelas, M., Cambra, J. & Ector, L. (2003). Floristic list of non-marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. Updated taxonomy and bibliography. Diatom Monographs 4: 1-639.

Cheng Zhaodi & Gao Yahui [Cheng, Z.D. & Gao, Y.H.] (2012). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [i-viii], i-xxvi, 1-137 plus 35 pls. Beijing: Science Press.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A.M., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Genkal, S.I. (2016). [Identification book of diatoms from Russia]. pp. [1]-804, 165 pls. Yaroslavl: Filigran. [in Russian]

Lee, J.H. (2010). Fragilaria, Hannaea, Pseudostaurosira, Punctastriata, Staurosira, Staurosirella. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 3, Number 2 . Chrysophyta: Bacillariophyceae: Pennales: Araphidineae: Diatomaceae. Freshwater diatoms II. (Joh, G., Lee, J.H., Lee, K. & Yoon, S.-K. Eds), pp. 53-96. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Patrick, R.[M.] & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The diatoms of the United States exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. Volume 1: Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae, Achnanthaceae, Naviculaceae. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13: 1-688.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2011). Okrzemki – Bacillariophyta (Diatoms) (with the English key for the identification to the genus) Cz. 4/2: Okrzemki pierzaste (Fragilariophyceae, Eunotiophyceae, Achnanthales) Part two: Pennate diatoms - I). In: Flora Zatoki Gdanskiej i wód przyleglych (Baltyk poludniowy). : [1]-167, plus 4 pls, 4 photo.

Proschkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz, Kniga 3. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomik vodoroslei Poriadok Pennales. Botanicheskii Institut im V.L. Komarova Akademii Nauk S.S.S.R. Gosudarstvennoe Izdatelystvo Geologicheskoi Literatury 3(1): [1]-398, 117 pls. [in Russian]

Qi Yuzao & Li Jiaying & Qi Yuzao [ Qi, Y.Z. & Li, J.Y.] with Xie Shuqi & Zhang Zian [Xie,S.-Q. & Zhang, Z.] (2004). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus X Bacillariophyta Pennatae (Arpahidiales Raphidionales). pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-161, plus pls I-XLI. Beijing: Science Press.

Reavie, E.D. & Kireta, A.R. (2015). Centric, araphid and eunotioid diatoms of the coastal Laurentian Great Lakes. Sampling, taxonomic descriptions and environmental characteristics. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 62: [1]-184, 49 pls.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Siver, P.A., Hamilton, P.B., Stachura-Suchoples & Kociolek, J.P. (2005). Diatoms of North America. The freshwater flora of Cape Cod. Iconographia Diatomologica 14: 1-463, 1075 figs in 94 pls.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 September 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8337 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kitton, F. (1869). Notes on New York Diatoms with description of a new species Fragilaria crotonensis. Hardwicke's Science-Gossip 5: 109-110, 3 fig.
McLellan, M.R. (1988). A cryomicroscopic study of Fragilaria crotonensis during freezing and thawing. British Phycological Journal 23: 294.
Tomkins, T. & Blinn, D.W. (1976). The effect of mercury on the growth rate of Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton and Asterionella formosa Hass.. Hydrobiologia 49: 111-116.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 September 2019.

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