156,497 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,022 images, 60,456 bibliographic items, 447,765 distributional records.

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Sphacelariales
Family Sphacelariaceae
Genus Sphacelaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon. 13 Jul 2018. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; epiphytic on Polyides rotundus. 06 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
Selce, northern Croatia. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
microscope, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
microscope, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh
epiphytic on depauperate plant Cystoseira baccata, San Román, Lugo, Galicia, Spain, 2008. 03 Jun 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

 

Amphiprora costata Hustedt

Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon
© M.D. Guiry

Publication details
Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C.Agardh 1824: 164

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1824). Systema algarum. pp. [i]-xxxvii, [1]-312. Lundae [Lund]: Literis Berlingianis [Berling].
 Download PDF

Publication date: probably September 1824

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sphacelaria is Sphacelaria reticulata Lyngbye.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Conferva cirrosa Roth

Type information
Type locality: Trieste, Italy (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 575). Type: WU (Athanasiadis 1996: 197). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Prud'homme van Reine (1982: 225). Womersley (1987: 166) gives the following data: Lectotype from Trieste Italy (Wulfen); neotype in WU.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), tendrilled, ending in a narrow curled or wavy appendage (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva cirrosa Roth 1800
Ceramium cirrosum (Roth) C.Agardh 1811

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphacelaria hystrix Suhr ex Reinke
Sphacelaria irregularis Kützing
Sphacelaria rhizophora Kützing
Sphacelaria pennata Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria pennata var. gracilis Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria cirrosa [cirrhosa] var. aegagropila C.Agardh 1824
Sphacelaria cirrosa var. patentissima Greville 1827
Sphacelaria plumosa var. gracilis (Lyngbye) C.Agardh 1828
Sphacelaria cirrosa [cirrhosa] var. gracilis (Lyngbye) Hornemann 1837
Stypocaulon bipinnatum Kützing 1855
Sphacelaria cirrosa var. pennata (Lyngbye) Hauck 1884
Sphacelaria bipinnata (Kützing) Piccone 1884
Sphacelaria cirrosa var. irregularis (Kützing) Hauck 1884
Sphacelaria cirrosa var. subsecunda Grunow 1884
Sphacelaria cirrosa f. mediterranea Sauvageau 1902
Sphacelaria cirrosa f. septentrionalis Sauvageau 1902
Sphacelaria cirrosa f. meridionalis Sauvageau 1902
Sphacelaria cirrosa [cirrhosa] f. patentissima (Greville) Lund 1950
Sphacelaria pennata f. septentrionalis (Sauvageau) D.E.G.Irvine 1956
Sphacelaria pennata f. meriodinalis (Sauvageau) D.E.G.Irvine 1956
Sphacelaria pennata f. patentissima (Greville) D.E.G.Irvine 1956
Sphacelaria pennata var. fusca (Lyngbye) D.E.G.Irvine 1956

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Draisma, S.G.A. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (2010). Proposal to conserve the name Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 59(6): 1891-1892.

Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. 481, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 09 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6610 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ducreux, G. (1983). Isolement expérimental des cellules terminales de l'apex de Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C. Agardh (Sphacelariales, Phéophycées) et analyse comparée de leurs potentialités morphogénétiques. Phycologia 22: 415-429, 37 figs, 1 table.
Ducreux, G. (1984). Experimental modifications of the morphogenetic behavior of the isolated sub-apical cell of the apex of Sphacelaria cirrosa (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 20: 447-454, 29 figs, 1 table.
Goodband, S.J. (1971). The taxonomy of Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) Ag., Sphacelaria fusca (Huds.) Ag., and Sphacelaria furcigera (Kütz.) Sauv. A simple statistical approach. Annals of Botany 35: 957-980.
Wittrock, V.B. (1884). Om Sphacelaria cirrosa. Botaniska Notiser 1884: 93-95.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 October 2019.

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