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Phacus alatus G.A.Klebs 1883

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus alatus G.A.Klebs
Poland, Strzebielinek village, ditch, 2 April 2017. 27 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Pinnularia fritschii Salah

Phacus alatus G.A.Klebs Poland, Strzebielinek village, ditch, 2 April 2017
© Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl)

Publication details
Phacus alatus G.A.Klebs 1883: 312

Published in: Klebs, G. (1883). Über die Organisation einiger Flagellatengruppen und ihre Beziehungen zu Algen und Infusorien. Untersuchungen aus dem Botanischen Institut zu Tübingen 1: 233-362, pls II, III.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), winged (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Euglena triquetra Ehrenberg 1834
Phacus triqueter (Ehrenberg) Dujardin 1841
Phacus alatus var. maximus Hübner 1886
Phacus alatus var. lemmermannii Svirenko 1915
Phacus alatus var. maior Drezepolski 1922
Phacus alatus var. latviensis Skvortsov 1928
Phacus alatus var. indica Skvortsov 1937
Phacus platyaulax Pochmann 1942
Phacus moraviensis Pochmann 1942
Phacus makrostigma Pochmann 1942

Nomenclatural notes
Cited as basionym of P. pusillus by Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. (2010: 178). Is this a mistake? - (16 Mar 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. (2020:1150) note that Phacus alatus was described by Klebs (1883) when he came to the conclusion that the morphological form identified by Stein (1878) as P. triqueter (pl. 19, figs 55-57) represented a new species to science. - (10 Dec 2020) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Emended diagnosis (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020: 1143).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Allegre, C.F. & Jahn, T.L (1943). A survey of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Protozoa; Euglenoidina). . Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 62(3): 233-244.

Karnkowska-Ishikawa, A., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2010). Taxonomy of the Phacus oscillans (Euglenaceae) and its close relatives - balancing morphological and molecular features. Journal of Phycology 46(1): 172-182.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Stein, F. von (1878). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. Die Naturgeschichte der Flagellaten oder Geisselinfusorien. I. Hälfte, Den noch nicht abgeschlossenen allgemeinen Theil nebst erklärung: Der sämmtlichen Abbildungen enthaltend. pp. i-x, 1-154, pls I-XXIV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 588 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 September 2021.

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