163,469 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,770 images, 62,968 bibliographic items, 480,353 distributional records.

Phacus parvulus G.A.Klebs 1883

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Phacus parvulus G.A.Klebs
Epitype strain ACOI 1093, Portugal, Castelo Branco (Penha Garcia), pond. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus parvulus G.A.Klebs
Epitype strain ACOI 1093, Portugal, Castelo Branco (Penha Garcia), pond. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Publication details
Phacus parvulus G.A.Klebs 1883: 313, pl. 3: fig. 5

Published in: Klebs, G. (1883). Über die Organisation einiger Flagellatengruppen und ihre Beziehungen zu Algen und Infusorien. Untersuchungen aus dem Botanischen Institut zu Tübingen 1: 233-362, pls II, III.
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
not in INA Lectotype: fig. 5, table 3 in Klebs 1883: fig.1, [j-l= error] (cells in resin, for EM from strain ACOI 1093); Herb. Biol. Fac, Univ. Warsaw (epitype) (Coesel 2001: 178). Notes: Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. (2020: 1148) note that the epitypification statement published in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010 (p. 177) does not include the phrase "designated here". They designate the epitype: Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010, fig. 1p in their 2020 publication. GenBank AJ532472.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very small (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus acuminatus f. minor I.Kisselev
Phacus subsalsus Proshkina-Lavrenko

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Diagnosis emended by Zakrys & Karnkowska in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al (2010: 177).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Karnkowska-Ishikawa, A., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2010). Taxonomy of the Phacus oscillans (Euglenaceae) and its close relatives - balancing morphological and molecular features. Journal of Phycology 46(1): 172-182.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Triemer, R.E., Linton, E., Shin, W., Nudelman, A., Monfils, A., Bennett, M. & Brosnan, S. (2006). Phylogeny of the Euglenales based upon combined SSU and rDNA sequence comparisons and description of Discoplastis gen. nov. (Euglenophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 731-740.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 779 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=32699

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 September 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio