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Phacus pusillus Lemmermann 1910

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus pusillus Lemmermann
Strain CCAC 0096, Germany, Bonn; ditch near Poppelsdorfer Schloss . 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus pusillus Lemmermann
Strain CCAC 0096, Germany, Bonn; ditch near Poppelsdorfer Schloss . 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Publication details
Phacus pusillus Lemmermann 1910: 514

Published in: Lemmermann, E. (1910). Algen I (Schizophyceen, Flagellaten, Peridineen). In: Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg und angrenzender Gebiete herausgegeben von dem Botanishcen Verein der Provinz Brandenburg. Dritter Band. pp. 497-712. Leipzig: Verlag von Grebrüder Borntraeger.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Germany: Brandenburg (Index Nominum Algarum). Lectotype: fig. 223 in Lemmermann in Pascher's Süssw., Fl.,2, 1913: Epiype: fig. 1, q and R (cells in resin, for E, from strain UTEX 1282), Univ. Warsaw (epitype) (Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010: 178). Notes: Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. (2020: 1148) note the epitypification statement published in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010 (p. 178) does not include the phrase "designated here". They designated the epitype (Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010, fig. 1r) in their 2020 publication.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very small (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus parvulus var. pusillus (Lemmermann) T.G.Popova 1955

Taxonomic notes
INA: "Type: fig. 223 in Pascher's Süsswasserfl. 2. 1913 (LT fide Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al., 2010, p. 177; epitype, cells in resin from strain UTEX 1282, Herbarium, Fac. Biol., Univ. Warsaw)." - (5 Dec 2014) - M.D. Guiry

Basionym: Phacus alatus G.A.Klebbs? (Karkowska-Ishikawa et al, 2010). - (7 Dec 2020) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Diagnosis emended by Zakrys & Karnkowska in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. (2010: 178).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Karnkowska-Ishikawa, A., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2010). Taxonomy of the Phacus oscillans (Euglenaceae) and its close relatives - balancing morphological and molecular features. Journal of Phycology 46(1): 172-182.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 763 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

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