161,869 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 63,720 bibliographic items, 473,751 distributional records.

Placoneis gastrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky 1903

Publication details
Placoneis gastrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky 1903: 13, pl. 1: fig. 17

Published in: Mereschkowsky, C. (1903). Über Placoneis, ein neues Diatomeen-Genus. Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt 15(1): 1-30, pl. 1.

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Placoneis.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg

Type information
Lectotype locality: Husavic, Iceland (79°N 342W) (Jahn 2004: 232). Lectotype: Dr. Thienemann; 1821; fuel peat. BHUPM (Ehrenberg Collection) Geographical Preparation 351016 c blue (Jahn 2004: 232, fig. 3). Notes: Syntypes: Vera Cruz, Mexico; New Haven, Connecticut; Iceland. Collector: Carl Ehrenberg (INA).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), belly, stomach, womb, paunch (Brown 1946).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg 1843
Navicula gastrum (Ehrenberg) Kützing 1844
Schizonema gastrum (Ehrenberg) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Navicula gastrum f. maxima Tempère & Peragallo 1909

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Eberle, M.E. (2008). Recent diatoms reported from the central United States: register of taxa and synonyms. Hays, Kansas: Department of Biological Sciences, Fort Hays State University. Latest electronic version: 5 December 2008.

Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (2013). Diatomeen im Süßwasser—Benthos von Mitteleuropa. Bestimmungsflora Kieselalgen für die ökologische Praxis. Über 700 der häufigsten Arten und ihre Ökologie. pp. [1]-908, 133 pls. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Jahn, R. (2004). Discovery of the type specimen of Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg, the type species of the genus Placoneis Mereschkowsky. Diatom Research 19(2): 229-234.

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A.M., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Genkal, S.I. (2016). [Identification book of diatoms from Russia]. pp. [1]-804, 165 pls. Yaroslavl: Filigran. [in Russian]

Lange-Bertalot, H., Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Cantonati, M. (2017). Freshwater benthic diatoms of Central Europe: over 800 common species used in ecological assessments. English edition with updated taxonomy and added species (Cantonati, M. et al. eds). pp. [1]-942, 135 pls. Schmitten-Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Li Jiaying & Qi Yuzao [Li, J.Y. & Qi, Y.Z.] (2018). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus XXIII Bacillariophyta Naviculaceae (III). pp. [1-8], i-xxiii, 1-214, pls I-XLVIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Reichardt, E. (2018). Die Diatomeen im Gebiet der Stadt Treuchtlingen. pp. [1]-576 (Band 1); 579-1184 (Band 2), incl 451 pls. München: Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft [Selbstverlag der Gesellschaft].

Roy, S. & Kershi, J.P. (2015). Some noteworthy fresh–water Diatoms of Joypur Forest, Bankura District, West Bengal, India. Nelumbo 57: 112-123, 4 pls, 1 chart.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 February 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1616 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Jahn, R. (2004). Discovery of the type specimen of Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg, the type species of the genus Placoneis Mereschkowsky. Diatom Research 19(2): 229-234.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 June 2021.

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