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Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg 1843

Publication details
Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg 1843: 384, 421, pl. III: fig. VII.23

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1843). Verbreitung und Einfluss des mikroskopischen Lebens in Süd- und Nord-Amerika. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1841: 291-445 + [1, Berichtigungen], + 4 pls.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Pinnularia is Pinnularia viridis (Nitzsch) Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Placoneis gastrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky

Type information
Lectotype locality: Husavic, Iceland (79°N 342W) (Jahn 2004: 232). Lectotype: Dr. Thienemann; 1821; fuel peat. BHUPM (Ehrenberg Collection) Geographical Preparation 351016 c blue (Jahn 2004: 232, fig. 3). Notes: Syntypes: Vera Cruz, Mexico; New Haven, Connecticut; Iceland. Collector: Carl Ehrenberg (INA).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), belly, stomach, womb, paunch (Brown 1946).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
[as Pinnularia Gastrum; illustration is of Vera Cruz material] (INA). - (1 Mar 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Cox, E.J. & Ross, R (2004). (1633) Proposal to conserve the name Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg with a conserved type (Bacillariophyta). Taxon 53: 830.

Cox, E.J. (2005). A proposal to conserve the name Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg with a conserved type has been published (Note). Diatom Research 20(1): 217-218.

Eberle, M.E. (2008). Recent diatoms reported from the central United States: register of taxa and synonyms. Hays, Kansas: Department of Biological Sciences, Fort Hays State University. Latest electronic version: 5 December 2008.

Jahn, R. (2004). Discovery of the type specimen of Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg, the type species of the genus Placoneis Mereschkowsky. Diatom Research 19(2): 229-234.

Mereschkowsky, C. (1903). Über Placoneis, ein neues Diatomeen-Genus. Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt 15(1): 1-30, pl. 1.

Patrick, R.[M.] & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The diatoms of the United States exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. Volume 1: Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae, Achnanthaceae, Naviculaceae. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13: 1-688.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 June 2018 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 562 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cox, E.J. & Ross, R (2004). (1633) Proposal to conserve the name Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg with a conserved type (Bacillariophyta). Taxon 53: 830.
Cox, E.J. (2005). A proposal to conserve the name Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg with a conserved type has been published (Note). Diatom Research 20(1): 217-218.
Jahn, R. (2004). Discovery of the type specimen of Pinnularia gastrum Ehrenberg, the type species of the genus Placoneis Mereschkowsky. Diatom Research 19(2): 229-234.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=39386

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 July 2021.

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