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Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs 1848

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Zygnematophyceae
Subclass Zygnematophycidae
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Cosmarium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Apical views. Pond on Tarn Hill, Cumbria, UK.. 23 Jun 2019. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Side views. Pond on Tarn Hill, Cumbria, UK.. 23 Jun 2019. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Face views of live cells. Pond on Tarn Hill, Cumbria, UK.. 23 Jun 2019. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Pond on Tarn Hill, Cumbria, UK.. 23 Jun 2019. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Collected by David Williamson, Kelly Hall Tarn, Cumbria, UK.. 16 May 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Black Loch South Ayrshire, Scotland.. 16 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Black Loch South Ayrshire, Scotland.. 16 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs
Black Loch South Ayrshire, Scotland.. 16 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Navicula atomus var. excelsa (Krasske) Lange-Bertalot

Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs Side views. Pond on Tarn Hill, Cumbria, UK.
© C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Cosmarium ornatum Ralfs ex Ralfs 1848: 104, pl. XVI [16]: fig. 7

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae The drawings by Edward Jenner, A.L.S.. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, 35 pls. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve, King William Street, Strand.
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Publication date: 1 Jan 1848

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cosmarium is Cosmarium undulatum Corda ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Britain (several records); Falaise (Brébisson); West Point, N.Y. (Bailey) (Index Nominum Algarum).see above;

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), furnished, equipped, embellished, adorned (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cosmarium ornatum var. perornatum Grönblad 1948

Taxonomic notes
It was previously published at Ralfs, 1844, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 14, p. 392; pl. XI: fig. 3, but it is invalid: devalidated name. [INA] - (6 Jan 2018) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bicudo, C.E.M., Araújo, A. de & Biolo, S. (2019). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 4, parte 3. Zygnemaphyceae. pp. [i-viii], [1]-299, 184 figs. São Paulo: TRiMa: FAPESP.

Couté, A. & Tell, G. (1981). Ultrastructure de la paroi cellulaire des Desmidiacées au microscope électronique à la balayage. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 68: 1-228, pls.

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

John, D.M. & Williamson, D.B. (2009). A practical guide to the desmids of the west of Ireland. pp. [i]-viii, 1-196, 49 pls, 12 col. photogr. 8 line- figs, 1 map, 3 tabs. Galway: Martin Ryan Institute.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Mann, D.G., Bayer, M.M., Droop, S.J.M., Hicks, Y.A.(J.), Marshall, A.D., Martin, R.R. & Rosin, P.L. (2007). New methods for preparing, imaging and typifying desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae), including extended depth of focus and 3-D reconstruction.. Phycologia 46: 29-45.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodorosley SSSR. Zelenyye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidiyevyye [Manual for identification of the freshwater algae of the USSR. Desmidiales]. Vol. 11(2) pp. 620, 163 figures. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe Otdelenie. [in Russian]

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1986). [Identification manual of the freshwater algae of Ukrainian RSR. Issue VIII Part 2 Dedmidiales]. pp. [1]-317 [318]. Kiev: Nauk. Dumka Press. [in Ukrainian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1908). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. III. pp. [i]-xv, [1]-274, pl. 65-95. London: The Ray Society.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2021.

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