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Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing 1857

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Tribe Chareae
Genus Chara

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Part of encrusted thallus (anaglyph). Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Part of encrusted thallus. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Part of thallus, BF image. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Encrusted thallus, stitched BF image. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Collected by Jon Graham, Baston Lincs, UK. Red-cyan anaglyph of cortex and stipulodes. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Encrusted root bulbil. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Close view showing spine cells and stipulodes. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Branch and nodes. Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Branch and nodes in 3D. (Red-cyan anaglyph) Collected by Nick Stewart, Lough Owel, Ireland. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing
Collected by Jon Graham, Baston Lincs, UK. Cortex and stipulodes. 14 Aug 2019. © C.F. Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

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31 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Actinoptychus senarius (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg

Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing Cortex with spine cells. Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry Canal, Ireland
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing 1857: 22, pl. 53: fig. I

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1857). Tabulae phycologicae; oder, Abbildungen der Tange. Vol. VII pp. i-ii, 1-40, 100 pls. Nordhausen: Gedruckt auf kosten des Verfassers (in commission bei W. Köhne).
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Chara aspera var. nodulifera A.Braun ex Leonhardi

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Grovesia

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara aspera var. curta (Nolte ex Kützing) A.Braun ex H.von Leonhardi 1864
Chara globularis f. curta (Nolte ex Kützing) R.D.Wood 1962

Nomenclatural notes
Seemingly originally first introduced without a description, but validated by analytical figures (ICN Art. 38.7 "For the purpose of Art. 38.5, prior to 1 January 1908, an illustration with analysis (see Art. 38.9 and 38.10) is acceptable in place of a written description or diagnosis."). - (9 Jun 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
This is the original Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing included the forms of C. aspera with spine cells in pairs or bunches as described in Migula (1897) and the species Chara desmacantha H. J. Groves. This is discussed by Langangen (2005). - (25 Sep 2009) -

Distributional notes
Chara curta ha been found in Norway, Sweden, Orkney, Ireland, England, Scotland (Moore & Green (1983), Langangen 2007). It is also reported from Spain Cirujano (ed)(2008). Migula (1897) report it from a few localities in Germany, but in Korsch et al.(2008) it is missing. - (25 Sep 2009) -

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Common names

(as Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing)
English: Lesser Bearded Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Description
Plants 2-40 cm long, moderately to strongly encrusted. Cortex is triplostichous, tylacanthous. Spine cells in clusters 1-6, in pair or bunches of 3-4, as long as or much longer than the axe diameter, very dense and the plants get a spiny look. Branchlets short, shorter than the internodes

Habitat
Brackish-water and freshwater. Chara-lakes.

Key characteristics
Similar to Chara aspera but spine-cells 2-5 together.

Similar species
Chara aspera

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Chara curta Nolte ex Kützing)
Data Deficient: (Stewart & Church 1992), (Least Concern: (Stewart & Church 1992)

Source of current name
Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland (Becker, R., Blindow, I., Doege, A., Franke, T., Gregor, T., Hamann, U., Jäger, D., Jorda, C., Kabus, T., Korsch, H., Korte, E., Kusber, W.-H., Pätzold, Raabe, U., Schubert, H., Teppke, M., van der Weyer K., Wolff, P.) (2015 '2016'). Beschreibung der Characeen-Arten Deutschlands. In: Armleuchteralgen. Die Characeen Deutschlands. (Arbeitsgruppe Characeen Deutschlands Lehrstuhl für Ökologie der Universität Rostock Eds), pp. 209-572. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Key references
Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Groves, J. & Bullock-Webster, G.R. (1924). The British Charophyta. II. Chareae. pp. 1-129. London: The Ray Society.

Langangen, A. (2005). Charophytes collected in Cos Clare (H9) and South-east Galway (H15) in 2003. Irish Naturalists' Journal 28: 151-158.

Langangen, A. (2007). Charophytes of the Nordic countries. pp. [1]-102, many figs and maps. Oslo: Saeculum ANS.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1415 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2020.

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