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Cladophora rugulosa G.Martens 1866

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Cladophoraceae
Genus Cladophora


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Cladophora rugulosa G.Martens
KwaZulu-Natal. Frederic Leliaert. © Frederik Leliaert (Frederik.Leliaert@ugent.be).


Cladophora rugulosa G.Martens KwaZulu-Natal
© Frederik Leliaert (Frederik.Leliaert@ugent.be)

Publication details
Cladophora rugulosa G.Martens 1866: 112, pl. II [2]: fig. 3

Published in: Martens, G. von (1868 '1866'). Die Tange. Die Preussische Expedition nach Ost-Asien. Nach amtlichen Quellen. Botanischer Theil. pp. 1-152, pls I-VII. Berlin: Verlag de Königlichen Geheimen Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei (R.Y. Decker).
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cladophora is Cladophora oligoclona (Kützing) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Port Natal (Durban), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996: 779). Notes: Silva et al. recommend consulting Papenfuss (1943a: 80) for further information regarding the lectotype locality of this species.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Leliert & Coppejans (2003: 61-2) "Hoek (1982: 169) proposed to synonymise C. rugulosa with C. prolifera, based on descriptions and illustrations of C. rugulosa by Papenfuss (1943), Jaasund (1976), Egerod (1975), Womersley & Bailey (1970), Sakai (1964) and Taylor (1945). Other authors had differentiated the two species. Papenfuss (1943: 80) distinguished C. rugulosa on the basis of longer cells, more prominent main axes, and more pronounced annular constrictions in the cells. Papenfuss & Chihara (1975: 313) argued that small rhizoid-like processes at the proximal end of the basal cells are only present in C. rugulosa. van den Hoek (l.c.) rejects the above arguments because rhizoid-like processes are also occasionally present in some C. prolifera plants and cell dimensions are too variable in C. prolifera to split off the coarser C. rugulosa. We compared the South African specimens with C. prolifera from Europe, Kenya and Australia. Based on our observations two species, C. prolifera and C. rugulosa, both occurring in South Africa, are not identical owing to completely different modes of attachment. C. prolifera is characterized by the presence of rhizoids with annular constrictions developing from the lower part of the basal cells, growing down along the cells below where they entangle with one another to form a conspicuous %u2018stipe%u2019 (figs 5B, 6C, D). In C. rugulosa this kind of rhizoids is absent (Martens 1868: Pl. 2, fig. 3); here the plants are attached by basal branching rhizoids developing from the base of a conspicuous stipe cell with annular constrictions. The rhizoids form a basal clump giving off numerous, densely clustered stipe cells (fig. 5H). The South African C. prolifera also differs from C. rugulosa by its smaller cell diameters, but since the cell diameter of C. prolifera is shown to be very variable, this character is less useful in distinguishing both species (Table 2)." - (16 Feb 2013) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Hoek, C. van den (1982). A taxonomic revision of the American species of Cladophora (Chlorophyceae) in the North Atlantic Ocean and their geographic distribution. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks 78: 1-236, 4 figs, 17 tables, 39 plates, 23 maps.

Key references
Leliaert, F. & Coppejans, E. (2003). The marine species of Cladophora (Chlorophyta) from the South African east coast. Nova Hedwigia 76(1-2): 45-82.

Leliaert, F. & Coppejans, E. (2004). Crystalline cell inclusions: a new diagnostic character in the Cladophorophyceae (Chlorophyta). Phycologia 43: 189-203.

Okamura, K. (1910). Icones of Japanese Algae. Vol. II pp. 89-125, pls LXXVI-LXXX. Tokyo: The Author.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Created: 08 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1426 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3699

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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