157,384 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,117 images, 60,820 bibliographic items, 456,221 distributional records.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Coscinodiscophytina
Class Coscinodiscophyceae
Subclass Coscinodiscophycidae
Order Coscinodiscales
Family Hemidiscaceae
Genus Actinocyclus

Pictures

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Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
Hawaii; living; scale 20 µm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
Hawaii; scale 20 µm. 01 Jan 0001. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 70 µm. 21 May 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne. (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 70 µm. 21 May 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne. (MicroscopyView.com).

 

Rytiphlaea aculeata C.Agardh ex J.Agardh

Actinoptychus octonarius (Ehrenberg) Kützing Hawaii; living; scale 20 µm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg 1837: 61

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1837). Nachricht des Hrn Agassiz in Neuchatel über den ebenfalls aus mikroskopichen Kiesel-Organismen gebildeten Polirschiefer von Oran in Afrika. 1837: 59-61.

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Actinocyclus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fossil
This is a fossil species seemingly without extant populations.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Actinocyclus ehrenbergii Ralfs 1861
Actinocyclus moniliformis Ralfs ex Pritchard 1861

Taxonomic notes
Also illustrated in Ehrenberg 1838, p.172, pl. 21: fig.7 - (12 Aug 2011) - Robert Lavigne

Habitat notes
Miocene-Recent. - (12 Mar 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Oran, Africa (fossil) (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y., Compère, P. & Riaux-Gobin, C. (2016). Marine benthic diatoms in the coral reefs of Reunion and Rodrigues Islands, West Indian Ocean. Micronesica 2016(3): 1-77, 14 pls.

Al-Yamani, F.Y. & Suburova, M.A. (2019). Marine phytoplankton of Kuwait's waters Volume II. Diatoms. pp. [1]-336, 161 pls. Kuwait: Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.

Hasle, G.R. & Syvertsen, E.E. (1996). Marine diatoms. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 5-385. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hendey, N.I. (1974). A revised check-list of the British marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 277-300.

Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Khursevich, G. & Kociolek, J.P. (2012). A preliminary, worldwide inventory of the extinct, freshwater fossil diatoms from the orders Thalassiosirales, Stephanodiscales, Paraliales, Aulacoseirales, Melosirales, Coscinodiscales, and Biddulphiales. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 141: 315-364, no figs.

Ognjanova-Rumenova, N.G. & Buczkó, K. (2015). Taxonomical re-investigation of Sarmatian diatoms from NE Bulgaria, hosted in the Pantocsek Collection (Budapest). Geologica Balcanica 44(1-3): 39-50, 8 figs.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 December 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5047 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gogorev, R.M., Kovaleva, G.V. & Nazarenko, A.V. (2018). Actinocyclus pseudopodolicus sp. nov. and infraspecific complex of A. octonarius (Bacillariophyta) from Holocene sediments of the Sea of Azov. Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii 52(1): 33-61, XII pl., 3 tables.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 January 2020.

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